Conference Paper

IP address configuration in VANET using centralized DHCP

Sch. of Inf. Technol. & Eng., Univ. of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON
DOI: 10.1109/LCN.2008.4664252 Conference: Local Computer Networks, 2008. LCN 2008. 33rd IEEE Conference on
Source: IEEE Xplore

ABSTRACT Vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANET) are a mobile adhoc networking technology to facilitate vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-roadside communication. A vehicle in VANET is considered to be an intelligent mobile node capable of communicating with its neighbors and other vehicles in the network. As in a mobile ad-hoc network (MANET) it is necessary to identify or address each vehicle in the vehicular ad-hoc network with a unique address. The current addressing mechanisms in VANET do not succeed in configuring the vehicle with a unique address. Furthermore, there is a need for address reconfigurations depending on the mobility patterns. In order to deal with these problems, we have presented a centralized addressing scheme for VANET using DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol). Results obtained in our approach are compared against the results presented in one of the existing addressing mechanism in VANET. It is observed that our approach is efficient and feasible for vehicular ad-hoc networks.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
102 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Vehicular networks allow vehicles to exchange information that can be used to improve traffic efficiency and drivers' safety. In addition to these new applications, Internet connectivity is also expected to be available in the cars of the near future, speeding up the global adoption of vehicular communication systems. One of the requirements for connecting vehicles to the Internet is their ability to autoconfigure Internet Protocol (IP) addresses. In this paper, we propose an optimization to Geographically Scoped stateless Address Configuration (GeoSAC), which is an IP address autoconfiguration mechanism for geographically aware location vehicles. The benefits of this optimization are twofold: 1) It can reduce the IP address configuration time, and 2) it can be used to reduce the signaling overhead of GeoSAC. The optimization requires no changes to the GeoSAC operation, being fully compatible with the original solution. We derive an analytical model for the probability of our optimization being effective in realistic scenarios and for the IP address configuration time. We also provide a thorough evaluation of the performance improvements of the optimization, including simulations with a realistic model for wireless technology, real vehicular traces, and experiments with a real prototype, which provide strong support for our analytical model.
    IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology 10/2011; · 2.06 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Privacy and Security have become an indispensable matter of attention in the Vehicular Ad-Hoc Network, which is vulnerable to many security threats these days. One of them is the Denial of Service (DoS) attacks, where a malicious node forges a large number of fake identities, i.e., Internet Protocol (IP) addresses in order to disrupt the proper functioning of fair data transfer between two fast-moving vehicles. In this paper, a distributed and robust approach is presented to defend against DoS attacks. In this proposed scheme, the fake identities of malicious vehicles are analyzed with the help of consistent existing IP address information. Beacon packets are exchanged periodically by all the vehicles to announce their presence and to become aware of the next node. Each node periodically keeps a record of its database by exchanging the information in its environment. If some nodes observe that they have similar IP addresses in the database, these similar IP addresses are identified as DoS attacks. However, it can be expected that security attacks are likely to increase in the coming future due to more and more wireless applications being developed onto the well-known exposed nature of the wireless medium. In this respect, the network availability is exposed to many types of attacks. A DoS attack on the network availability is being elaborated in this paper. A model of a product interaction for DoS prevention has been developed called “IP-CHOCK” that will lead to the prevention of DoS attacks. The proposed approach will be able to locate malicious nodes without the requirement of any secret information exchange and special hardware support. Simulation results demonstrate that the detection rate increases when optimal numbers of nodes are forged by the attackers.
    Wireless Personal Communications 11/2013; · 0.43 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: When a vehicle is moving fast in a highway, how to effectively reduce the handoff delay and maintain the connectivity of the vehicle to the Internet is an important issue. The existing IP passing protocol may be able to reduce the handoff delay and maintain the connectivity of the vehicle to the Internet when all the vehicles are connected. However, when the vehicle density is low or the speeds of vehicles are varied, the vehicle may not be able to communicate with the intended vehicle either directly or through multi-hop relays because of network fragmentation. Hence, when network fragmentation occurs, a vehicle cannot pass its IP address to the intended vehicle through existing IP passing protocols and thus incurs longer handoff latency and higher packet loss rate, and these would lower down the throughput of the network. To improve existing IP passing protocols, we propose an IP passing protocol for VANETs with network fragmentation. The proposed protocol can postpone the time to release IP addresses to the DHCP server (extend IP lifetime) and select a faster way to get the vehicle’s new IP address. During the extended IP lifetime, the vehicle can acquire an IP address through multi-hop relays from the vehicles on the lanes of the same or opposite direction, and thus reduces handoff delay and maintain the connectivity to the Internet. Simulation results have shown that the proposed scheme is able to reduce IP acquisition time, handoff latency, packet loss rate, and extend IP lifetime.
    Computers & Mathematics with Applications. 01/2012; 63:407-426.

Full-text

View
7 Downloads
Available from