GazeRoboard: Gaze-communicative Guide System in Daily Life on Stuffed-toy Robot with Interactive Display Board
ABSTRACT In this paper, we propose a guide system for daily life in semipublic spaces by adopting a gaze-communicative stuffed-toy robot and a gaze-interactive display board. The system provides naturally anthropomorphic guidance through a) gaze-communicative behaviors of the stuffed-toy robot (ldquojoint attentionrdquo and ldquoeye-contact reactionsrdquo) that virtually express its internal mind, b) voice guidance, and c) projection on the board corresponding to the userpsilas gaze orientation. The userpsilas gaze is estimated by our remote gaze-tracking method. The results from both subjective/objective evaluations and demonstration experiments in a semipublic space show i) the holistic operation of the system and ii) the inherent effectiveness of the gaze-communicative guide.
- SourceAvailable from: Frode Eika Sandnes[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Public self-service kiosks provide key services such as ticket sales, airport check-in and general information. Such kiosks must be universally designed to be used by society at large, irrespective of the individual users’ physical and cognitive abilities, level of education and familiarity with the system. The noble goal of universal accessibility is hard to achieve. This study reports experiences with a universally designed kiosk prototype based on a multimodal intelligent user interface that adapts to the user’s physical characteristics. The user interacts with the system via a tall rectangular touch-sensitive display where the interaction area is adjusted to fit the user’s height. A digital camera is used to measure the user’s approximate reading distance from the display such that the text size can be adjusted accordingly. The user’s touch target accuracy is measured, and the target sizes are increased for users with motor difficulties. A Byzantine visualization technique is employed to exploit unused and unreachable screen real estate to provide the user with additional visual cues. The techniques explored in this study have potential for most public self-service kiosks.Personal and Ubiquitous Computing 12/2010; 14(8):715-721. DOI:10.1007/s00779-010-0286-8 · 1.62 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Context data are updated frequently due to the dynamic changes of the various sensor values and the situations of application entities. Without a proper management, the stored contexts will become different from those of the real-world. Those invalid contexts will cause context inconsistency problems and thus should be eliminated at the right time and in an appropriate manner. In this paper, we propose a context inconsistency management scheme based on context elimination rules that describe the semantics of context invalidity to solve context inconsistency problems. The proposed rule-based scheme will enable users to easily specify elimination conditions for inconsistent contexts. Our performance evaluation shows that the rule processing overhead is compensated for by virtue of the well-maintained repository of the stored contexts.IEEE/IFIP 8th International Conference on Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing, EUC 2010, Hong Kong, China, 11-13 December 2010; 01/2010
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ABSTRACT: This paper presents a method in a museum guide robot to choose an appropriate answerer among multiple visitors. First, we observed and videotaped scenes of gallery talk when human guides ask visitors questions. Based on an analysis of this video, we have found that the guides selects an answerer by distributing his or her gaze towards multiple visitors and observing the visitors' gaze responses during the question. Then, we performed experiments on a robot that distributes its gaze towards multiple visitors, and analyzed visitors' responses. From these experiments, we found that visitors who are asked questions by the robot felt embarrassed when he or she had no prior knowledge about the questions, and that visitor gaze during the questions plays an important role in avoiding being asked questions. Based on these findings, we have developed a function in a guide robot that observes visitor gaze response and selects an appropriate answerer based on these responses. Gaze responses are tracked and recognized using an omnidirectional camera and a laser range sensor. The effectiveness of our method was confirmed through experiments.RO-MAN, 2010 IEEE; 10/2010