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Available from: Jaeyoun Cheong, Jun 30, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: The differential diagnosis between inactive carrier and active hepatitis is important in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) virus infection. Serum cytokeratin (CK)-18 fragments (M30-antigen) are proposed as biomarkers of apoptosis. We investigated whether serum M30-antigen levels might help to characterize the various phases of CHB and predict the state of significant inflammation in patients with CHB. A total of 339 CHB patients who underwent liver biopsy, were included. Serum M30-antigen levels were compared between inactive carriers (n=21), patients with HBeAg-negative hepatitis (n=95), HBeAg-positive hepatitis (n=141) and liver cirrhosis (n=82). Serum M30-antigen levels were correlated significantly not only with AST (r=0.544, p<0.001) and ALT (r=0.315, p<0.001) and but also inflammatory grading score on liver biopsy (r=0.240, p<0.001). Serum M30-antigen level in HBeAg-negative CHB was significantly higher than that of inactive HBV carrier (399.78U/L vs 148.90U/L, p<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that AST (p<0.001), albumin (p=0.009) and M30-antigen (p=0.020) were the independent predictors of significant inflammation. Combined serum M30-antigen level (>344U/L) and AST (>78IU/L) measurement provided the most accurate identification of significant inflammation, showing 38.2% sensitivity, 96.1% specificity, 91.0% positive predictive value and 56.1% negative predictive value. Serum M30-antigen can be a predictive marker for distinguishing between inactive carrier and HBeAg-negative CHB. Serum M30 levels are associated with the presence of significant inflammation, especially in patients with normal or minimally elevated ALT in CHB patients.
    Journal of clinical virology: the official publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology 10/2013; 58(4). DOI:10.1016/j.jcv.2013.10.008 · 3.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Variceal hemorrhage is a common and devastating complication of portal hypertension and is a leading cause of death in patients with cirrhosis. The management of gastroesophageal varices has evolved over the last decade resulting in improved mortality and morbidity rates. Regarding the primary prevention of variceal hemorrhaging, nonselective β -blockers should be the first-line therapy in all patients with medium to large varices and in patients with small varices associated with high-risk features such as red wale marks and/or advanced cirrhosis. EVL should be offered in cases of intolerance or side effects to β -blockers, or for patients at high-risk for variceal bleeding who have medium or large varices with red wale marks or advanced liver cirrhosis. In acute bleeding, vasoactive agents should be initiated along with antibiotics followed by EVL or endoscopic sclerotherapy (if EVL is technically difficult) within the first 12 hours of presentation. Where available, terlipressin is the preferred agent because of its safety profile and it represents the only drug with a proven efficacy in improving survival. All patients surviving an episode of bleeding should undergo further prophylaxis to prevent rebleeding with EVL and nonselective β -blockers.
    03/2013; 2013:434609. DOI:10.1155/2013/434609
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    ABSTRACT: Micro RNAs-371-372-373 (miRNAs-371-373), originating from the same pri-miRNA transcript, are reported to be upregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to be related to the regulation of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Our study investigated whether pri-miRNAs-371-373 polymorphisms are associated with the risk of HCC occurrence and HBV clearance. Genetic variations were identified through direct DNA sequencing using TaqMan assay. Three sequence variants of pri-miRNAs-371-373 were identified. Genetic associations of those with HCC occurrence and HBV clearance among patients with HBV infection were analyzed using logistic regression analyses with adjustment for age and gender (n = 1439). For the occurrence of HCC, polymorphism rs3859501C>A acted as a protective factor both in chronic carriers (OR = 0.75, P = 0.005 in a codominant model; OR = 0.71, P = 0.02 in a dominant model; OR = 0.66, P = 0.03 in recessive model) and liver cirrhosis patients (OR = 0.69, P = 0.001 in a codominant model; OR = 0.60, P = 0.003 in a dominant model; OR = 0.63, P = 0.03 in a recessive model). The pri-miRNAs-371-373_ht2 [C-A-C] also showed a protective effect on HCC occurrence both in the chronic carrier and liver cirrhosis groups (P<0.05 in both). However, there was no significant association between pri-miRNAs-371-373 polymorphisms and HBV clearance. In conclusion, among chronic carriers and liver cirrhosis patients, the A allele of rs3859501 and the haplotype pri-miRNAs-371-373_ht2 were more protective to HCC than other genotypes and haplotypes. Further studies into the roles of rs3859501 and pri-miRNAs-371-373_ht2 haplotype in hepatocarcinogenesis are needed.
    PLoS ONE 07/2012; 7(7):e41983. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0041983 · 3.53 Impact Factor