Concepts of Contraception for Adolescent and Young Adult Women with Chronic Illness and Disability

Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Kalamazoo, MI, USA.
Disease-a-month: DM (Impact Factor: 0.95). 05/2012; 58(5):258-320. DOI: 10.1016/j.disamonth.2012.02.001
Source: PubMed


Sexual behavior is common in adolescents and young adults with or without chronic illness or disability, resulting in high levels of unplanned pregnancy and STDs. Individuals with chronic illness or disability should not receive suboptimal preventive health care. These individuals have a need for counseling regarding issues of sexuality and contraception. Sexually active adolescent and young adult women can be offered safe and effective contraception if they wish to avoid pregnancy. Women with chronic illnesses and disabilities who are sexually active should also be offered contraception based on their specific medical issues. Condoms are also recommended to reduce STD risks. Table 36 summarizes basic principles of contraception application for specific illnesses, which have been identified since the release of the combined OC in 1960. Clinicians should also consider the noncontraceptive benefits of this remarkable and life-changing technology that allows all reproductive age women to improve their lives, including those with chronic illnesses and disabilities.

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