Sexual Function and Quality of Life of Women with Stress Urinary Incontinence: A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing the Paula Method (Circular Muscle Exercises) to Pelvic Floor Muscle Training (PFMT) Exercises
To compare the effectiveness of the Paula method (circular muscle exercises) vs. pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) exercises on sexual function (SF) and quality of life (QoL) of women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI).
A randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted in outpatient urban community clinics serving diverse socioeconomic populations between September 2004 and July 2005. The intervention included two exercise regimens: Paula method--12 weeks of private 45 minutes sessions; PFMT--12 weeks of group (up to 10 participants) sessions of 30 minutes in length once a week, for 4 weeks plus two additional sessions, 3 weeks apart.
The Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire; the Incontinence Quality of Life Questionnaire; 1-hour clinic pad test; gynecological examination; demographic/health history.
Sixty-six women in the Paula group and 60 women in the PFMT group. The mean SF scores post interventions were 38.72 (5.35) in the Paula group and 38.07 (5.80) in the PFMT group. SF score improvement was found to be significant in both groups (Paula, P = 0.01; PFMT, P = 0.05), as was in the QoL scores (Paula, P < 0.001; PFMT, P ≤ 0.001), with no significant difference between groups. There was a significant correlation between the mean SF score and the mean QoL score after the intervention (Paula: r = 0.4, P = 0.002; PFMT: r = 0.4, P = 0.009). A mild to moderate significant correlation was also found between the SF score and pad test results in both groups post intervention (r = -0.3, P = 0.02; r = -0.3, P = 0.04, respectively).
This RCT study demonstrated the effectiveness of two exercise methods on SF and QoL in women suffering from SUI. The Paula method of exercise was presented for the first time in the literature as a conservative noninvasive treatment for SUI and SF.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Over the past decade, the use of quality of life (QOL) questionnaires in the evaluation of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) has become a standard part of most clinical studies. Investigators have attempted to correlate QOL scores with objective findings and treatment efficacy and as outcome measures in comparing different treatment modalities. Many of the QOL questionnaires are available in short forms, making them easier to adapt to clinical settings. This article includes an overview of several validated QOL questionnaires and their application in studies whose results provide useful guidelines for health care professionals who diagnose and manage women with POP.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This quantitative,cross-sectional study examined the accuracy of indicators for the nursing diagnosis of sexual dysfunction in pregnant women. A questionnaire based on the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association’s defining characteristics and the Female Sexual Function Index was applied from July to September 2009. The sample comprised 52 women selected at a primary health care service in Fortaleza. A specialist made the diagnostic inferences. The diagnosis was present in 65.4% of the pregnant women, and most of the defining characteristics were statistically associated. The characteristic perceived limitations imposed by pregnancy was the most sensitive, while alterations in achieving perceived sex role,alterations in achieving sexual satisfaction, changes of interest in others and verbalization of problem were specific. The study results show that is important to make this diagnosis during antenatal care and to ascertain the accuracy of the indicators so as to achieve a precise diagnosis.
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