A SiGe Envelope-Tracking Power Amplifier With an Integrated CMOS Envelope Modulator for Mobile WiMAX/3GPP LTE Transmitters
ABSTRACT This paper presents a SiGe envelope-tracking (ET) cascode power amplifier (PA) with an integrated CMOS envelope modulator for mobile WiMAX and 3GPP long-term evolution (LTE) transmitters (TXs). The entire ET-based RF PA system delivers the linear output power of 22.3/24.3 dBm with the overall power-added efficiency of 33%/42% at 2.4 GHz for the WiMAX 64 quadrature amplitude modulation (64QAM) and the 3GPP LTE 16 quadrature amplitude modulation, respectively. Additionally, it exhibits a highly efficient broadband characteristic for multiband applications. Compared to the conventional fixed-supply cascode PA, our ET-based cascode PA meets the WiMAX/LTE spectral mask and error vector magnitude spec at close to its P 1dB compression without the need of predistortion. The SiGe PA and the CMOS envelope modulator are both designed and fabricated in the TSMC 0.35-μm SiGe BiCMOS process on the same die. This study represents an essential integration step toward achieving a fully monolithic large-signal ET-based TX for wideband wireless applications.