Two-level control scheme for stabilisation of periodic orbits for planar monopedal running

IET Control Theory and Applications (Impact Factor: 1.84). 10/2011; DOI: 10.1049/iet-cta.2010.0512
Source: IEEE Xplore

ABSTRACT This study presents an online motion planning algorithm for generating reference trajectories during flight phases of a planar monopedal robot to transfer the configuration of the mechanical system from a specified initial pose to a specified final one. The algorithm developed in this research is based on the reachability and optimal control formulations of a time-varying linear system with input and state constraints. A two-level control scheme is developed for asymptotic stabilisation of a desired period-one orbit during running of the robot. Within-stride controllers, including stance and flight phase controllers, are employed at the first level. The flight phase controller is a feedback law to track the reference trajectories generated by the proposed algorithm. To reduce the dimension of the full-order model of running, the stance phase controller is chosen to be a parameterised time-invariant feedback law that produces a family of two-dimensional finite-time attractive and invariant submanifolds. At the second level, the parameters of the stance phase controller are updated by an event-based update law to achieve hybrid invariance and stabilisation. To illustrate the analytical results developed for the behaviour of the closed-loop system, a detailed numerical example is presented.

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    ABSTRACT: Presented is a novel approach for online trajectory modification of joint motions to transfer a free open kinematic chain, undergoing flight phase, from a specified initial configuration to a specified final configuration. Formally, it is assumed that a nominal trajectory, computed offline, can reorient the kinematic chain (reconfiguration problem) for a given angular momentum on a time interval. A modification algorithm of body joints, based on optimal control, is developed such that for different angular momentums and time intervals, the same reconfiguration problem can be solved online. This approach can be utilised for space robotics applications and online computation of planar running trajectories during flight phases.
    Electronics Letters 10/2011; · 1.07 Impact Factor


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