Experimental Demonstration of Impairment-Aware PCE for Multi-Bit-Rate WSONs
ABSTRACT In emerging multi-bit-rate wavelength switched optical networks (WSONs), the coexistence of lightpaths operating at different bit-rates and modulation formats (e.g., based on amplitude and phase modulation) induces relevant traffic dependent detrimental effects that need to be considered during impairment-aware routing and wavelength assignment (IA-RWA). The considerable complexity of IA-RWA computation has driven the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) to propose specific path computation element (PCE) architectures in support of IA-RWA for WSONs. In this paper, following the IETF indications, we expand two PCE architectures and experimentally evaluate five different PCE architectural solutions, performing either combined or separated impairment estimation and RWA, with on-line and off-line computation of impairment validated paths, and with the possible utilization of a novel PCE Protocol (PCEP) extension. Results in terms of traffic engineering performance, path computation delivery time and amount of exchanged PCEP messages are reported and discussed to highlight the benefits and application scenarios of the considered PCE architectures.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Quality of Service-enabled applications and services rely on Traffic Engineering-based (TE) Label Switched Paths (LSP) established in core networks and controlled by the GMPLS control plane. Path computation process is crucial to achieve the desired TE objective. Its actual effectiveness depends on a number of factors. Mechanisms utilized to update topology and TE information, as well as the latency between path computation and resource reservation, which is typically distributed, may affect path computation efficiency. Moreover, TE visibility is limited in many network scenarios, such as multi-layer, multi-domain and multi-carrier networks, and it may negatively impact resource utilization. The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) has promoted the Path Computation Element (PCE) architecture, proposing a dedicated network entity devoted to path computation process. The PCE represents a flexible instrument to overcome visibility and distributed provisioning inefficiencies. Communications between path computation clients (PCC) and PCEs, realized through the PCE Protocol (PCEP), also enable inter-PCE communications offering an attractive way to perform TE-based path computation among cooperating PCEs in multi-layer/domain scenarios, while preserving scalability and confidentiality. This survey presents the state-of-the-art on the PCE architecture for GMPLS-controlled networks carried out by research and standardization community. In this work, packet (i.e., MPLS-TE and MPLS-TP) and wavelength/spectrum (i.e., WSON and SSON) switching capabilities are the considered technological platforms, in which the PCE is shown to achieve a number of evident benefits.IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials 01/2013; 15(4):1819-1841. · 6.49 Impact Factor
Conference Paper: Impairment-aware lightpath provisioning in mixed line rate networks[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In mixed line rate (MLR) networks, different line rates can coexist on the same fiber, on different wavelengths. Each lightpath can be established end-to-end, with requested line rate. Advanced modulation techniques are required for high line rates. Signals being propagated over transparent paths are exposed to detrimental effects of physical layer impairments (PLI). Advanced modulation techniques are more susceptible to impairments, especially to the cross-phase modulation (XPM) induced by intensity-modulated channels. In this study, we investigate the impairment-aware lightpath provisioning problem for MLR networks. We consider a transparent optical network where we aim to maximize the number of established connections, while avoiding disruption of existing lightpaths. We propose a weighted approach for impairment-aware lightpath provisioning in MLR networks. We employ an auxiliary graph to capture the PLIs on differently modulated channels with a weight assignment scheme. Simulation results show that the performance of our approach is noteworthy, in terms of blocking probability, bandwidth blocking ratio, and resource consumption.Advanced Networks and Telecommuncations Systems (ANTS), 2012 IEEE International Conference on; 01/2012
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In mixed-line-rate (MLR) networks, different line rates on different wavelengths can coexist on the same fiber. MLR architectures can be built over transparent optical networks, where the transmitted signals remain in the optical domain along the entire path. Along the transparent optical path, a signal experiences various physical layer impairments (PLIs), and its quality degrades as it travels through each optical component. One of the major factors that affect the transmission quality is the launch power of the optical signal. The power must be large enough to ensure noise resiliency at the receiver, but it must be below the limit where fiber nonlinearities distort the signal. Moreover, high launch power is disruptive not only for the actual lightpath itself but also for neighboring lightpaths, and this effect is particularly critical in MLR networks since advanced modulation techniques used for high line rates are highly susceptible to PLIs. In this study, we investigate the problem of determining the appropriate launch power for provisioning of dynamic connection requests in MLR networks. By setting the appropriate launch power for each connection, we aim to maximize the number of established connections. We propose two different heuristics to determine the appropriate launch power of a lightpath. Worst-case best-case average (WBA) is based on optical reach of signal in a transparent optical network. In impairment-aware launch power determination (I-ALPD), current state of the network and impairments are evaluated to determine the launch power. The proposed approaches are practical and can adapt to the needs of network operators. Simulation results show that the performances of the proposed approaches show better results than the existing schemes in terms of blocking probability and bandwidth blocking ratio.Photonic Network Communication 06/2014; 27(3). · 0.75 Impact Factor