Experimental Demonstration of Impairment-Aware PCE for Multi-Bit-Rate WSONs
ABSTRACT In emerging multi-bit-rate wavelength switched optical networks (WSONs), the coexistence of lightpaths operating at different bit-rates and modulation formats (e.g., based on amplitude and phase modulation) induces relevant traffic dependent detrimental effects that need to be considered during impairment-aware routing and wavelength assignment (IA-RWA). The considerable complexity of IA-RWA computation has driven the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) to propose specific path computation element (PCE) architectures in support of IA-RWA for WSONs. In this paper, following the IETF indications, we expand two PCE architectures and experimentally evaluate five different PCE architectural solutions, performing either combined or separated impairment estimation and RWA, with on-line and off-line computation of impairment validated paths, and with the possible utilization of a novel PCE Protocol (PCEP) extension. Results in terms of traffic engineering performance, path computation delivery time and amount of exchanged PCEP messages are reported and discussed to highlight the benefits and application scenarios of the considered PCE architectures.
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ABSTRACT: We demonstrate a flexible-bandwidth network testbed with a real-time, adaptive control plane that adjusts modulation format and spectrum-positioning to maintain quality of service (QoS) and high spectral efficiency. Here, low-speed supervisory channels and field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) enabled real-time impairment detection of high-speed flexible bandwidth channels (flexpaths). Using premeasured correlation data between the supervisory channel quality of transmission (QoT) and flexpath QoT, the control plane adapted flexpath spectral efficiency and spectral location based on link quality. Experimental demonstrations show a back-to-back link with a 360-Gb/s flexpath in which the control plane adapts to varying link optical signal to noise ratio (OSNR) by adjusting the flexpath's spectral efficiency (i.e., changing the flexpath modulation format) between binary phase-shift keying (BPSK), quaternary phase-shift keying (QPSK), and eight phase-shift keying (8PSK). This enables maintaining the data rate while using only the minimum necessary bandwidth and extending the OSNR range over which the bit error rate in the flexpath meets the quality of service (QoS) requirement (e.g. the forward error correction (FEC) limit). Further experimental demonstrations with two flexpaths show a control plane adapting to changes in OSNR on one link by changing the modulation format of the affected flexpath (220 Gb/s), and adjusting the spectral location of the other flexpath (120 Gb/s) to maintain a defragmented spectrum.Optics Express 12/2011; 19(26):B736-45. · 3.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A Mixed Line Rate (MLR) optical network is a good candidate for a core backbone network because of its ability to provide diverse line rates to effectively accommodate traffic demands with heterogeneous bandwidth requirements. Because of the deleterious effects of physical impairments, there is a maximum transmission reach for optical signals before they have to be regenerated. Being expensive devices, regenerators are expected to be sparsely located and used in such a network, called a translucent optical network. In this paper, we consider the Grooming, Routing, and Wavelength Assignment (GRWA) problem so that the Quality of Transmission (QoT) for connections is satisfied, and the network-level performance metric of blocking probability is minimized. Cross-layer heuristics to effectively allocate the sparse regenerators in MLR networks are developed, and extensive simulation results are presented to demonstrate their effectiveness.Wireless Communication over ZigBee for Automotive Inclination Measurement. China Communications 01/2013; 10(1):17-30. · 0.46 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The path computation element (PCE) enables optimal path computation in single-domain (G)MPLS networks. To overcome the lack of traffic engineering (TE) information in multi-domain networks and to preserve both computation optimality and domain confidentiality, the backward-recursive PCE-based computation (BRPC) procedure has been standardized. BRPC procedure is based on PCE protocol (PCEP) and enables synchronized computation of TE label-switched paths with the requested level of reliability and quality of service requirements (i.e., guaranteed bandwidth). In this paper, the problem of computing $K$ K -survivable optimal multi-domain paths by resorting to BRPC procedure is analyzed. Extensions to PCEP protocol are discussed to achieve path optimality when domain information is kept confidential. The optimality is theoretically proved, and the computational complexity is shown to be more efficient than existing approaches. The discussed extensions are experimentally validated in an MPLS network test bed based on commercial equipments and are shown to have performance comparable to standard PCEP approach.Photonic Network Communication 08/2013; 26(1). · 0.45 Impact Factor