In this paper, we investigate the interference mitigation from a cross-layer perspective for a cognitive radio (CR) multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) network coexisting with a primary time-division-duplexing (TDD) system. The channel allocation in the media access control (MAC) layer and a subspace-based precoding scheme in the physical layer of the CR network are jointly considered to minimise the interference to the primary user and maximise the CR throughput. Two distributed cross-layer algorithms, namely, joint iterative channel allocation and precoding (JICAP) and non-iterative channel allocation and precoding (NICAP), are proposed for the cases with and without channel information among CR nodes, respectively. Moreover, a channel estimation scheme is also proposed to enable the NICAP. The effectiveness of the proposed algorithms over non-cross-layer counterpart is demonstrated via simulations.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this paper, we consider the problem of interference suppression by performing a joint iterative beamforming  and channel allocation (JIBCA) strategy for wireless nodes under contracted quality-of-service (QoS) constraints in an ad hoc network. The objective is to maximize the signal to interference plus noise ratios (SINRs) between two communicating nodes under constant transmit power considering the interference from other nodes in the network. For this purpose, the interference impaired network is modeled as a noncooperative joint beamforming and channel allocation game, in which the payoff includes the maximization of the target SINR and the limiting factor is related to the interference caused by other nodes. The proposed JIBCA algorithm is shown to give better SINR efficiency both with the assumptions of perfect and imperfect channel information availability at the transmit/receive units over the network. It is also shown through simulation results that the JIBCA algorithm converges to Nash equilibriums (NE) and results in SINR efficiency improvement.
Military Communications Conference, 2007. MILCOM 2007. IEEE; 11/2007
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Compounding the confusion is the use of the broad term cognitive radio as a synonym for dynamic spectrum access. As an initial attempt at unifying the terminology, the taxonomy of dynamic spectrum access is provided. In this article, an overview of challenges and recent developments in both technological and regulatory aspects of opportunistic spectrum access (OSA). The three basic components of OSA are discussed. Spectrum opportunity identification is crucial to OSA in order to achieve nonintrusive communication. The basic functions of the opportunity identification module are identified
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper studies the transmit strategy for a secondary link or the so-called cognitive radio (CR) link under opportunistic spectrum sharing with an existing primary radio (PR) link. It is assumed that the CR transmitter is equipped with multi-antennas, whereby transmit precoding and power control can be jointly deployed to balance between avoiding interference at the PR terminals and optimizing performance of the CR link. This operation is named as cognitive beamforming (CB). Unlike prior study on CB that assumes perfect knowledge of the channels over which the CR transmitter interferes with the PR terminals, this paper proposes a practical CB scheme utilizing a new idea of effective interference channel (EIC), which can be efficiently estimated at the CR transmitter from its observed PR signals. Somehow surprisingly, this paper shows that the learning-based CB scheme with the EIC improves the CR channel capacity against the conventional scheme even with the exact CRto- PR channel knowledge, when the PR link is equipped with multi-antennas but only communicates over a subspace of the total available spatial dimensions. Moreover, this paper presents algorithms for the CR to estimate the EIC over a finite learning time. Due to channel estimation errors, the proposed CB scheme causes leakage interference at the PR terminals, which leads to an interesting learning-throughput tradeoff phenomenon for the CR, pertinent to its time allocation between channel learning and data transmission. This paper derives the optimal channel learning time to maximize the effective throughput of the CR link, subject to the CR transmit power constraint and the interference power constraints for the PR terminals.