Variable Reference Phase in Diffractive Antennas: Review, Applications, New Results
ABSTRACT We review a free parameter in the design of Fresnel-zone-plate antennas. Historically, zone-plate antennas have been designed with a specific choice for this parameter. Two methods of interpreting the parameter have been identified, either in terms of a reference radius or, equivalently, a reference phase. For simplicity, here we treat this variable parameter as a reference phase. Importantly, the reference phase can be chosen to have non-standard values, which have been shown to improve important aspects of antenna performance and to add a new functionality to zone-plate antennas. In particular, a nearly linear one-to-one relationship between reference phase and the phase of the main-lobe beam exists, which is not present in the phase of sidelobes. This difference in phase response between main lobe and sidelobes is present independently of phase in feed circuitry: a zone-plate phase shift is fundamentally different from a feed phase shift. Frequency modulation of the reference phase thus appears as strong modulation of the main-lobe signal, but not of the signals through the sidelobes. This difference in frequency and phase response allows sidelobe signals to be discriminated against, making new applications possible. We review applications that exploit these features, including multipath-fading reduction, radar sidelobe-clutter reduction, and enhanced security in communications.
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ABSTRACT: This chapter begins with a brief history of wireless systems and standards, including cellular systems, cordless telephone systems, and wireless local and personal area networks (LANs and PANs). The discussion of cellular standards includes GSM, IS-54/136, IS-95, PDC, cdma2000, UMTS, and WiMAX. The discussion of cordless phones includes DECT and PHS, and the discussion of IEEE802.11a/b/g, IEEE802.15 and Bluetooth. The chapter then introduces frequency reuse and the cellular concept, and discusses the propagation phenomenon that are found in land mobile radio environments along with additive impairments such as co-channel interference (CCI) and noise. Afterwards, the cellular land mobile radio link budget is considered, including the effects of interference loading, shadow margin and handoff gain that are peculiar to cellular frequency reuse systems. The chapter concludes with a discussion of coverage and capacity issues for cellular radio systems.01/1996; Kluwer., ISBN: 978-0-7923-9732-8
Conference Paper: Flat and conformal zone plate antennas with new capabilities[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We call attention to the existence of a free parameter in the design of Fresnel zone plates. Historically, zone plates have been designed with a specific choice for this parameter, which can be taken as a type of phase reference. We present two methods of interpreting the parameter, either in terms of a reference radius or equivalently a reference phase. Importantly, the parameter can be chosen to have non-standard values which are shown to improve important aspects of antenna performance and to add new functionality to zone plate antennasApplied Electromagnetics and Communications, 2005. ICECom 2005. 18th International Conference on; 11/2005