Incoherent spatial diversity combining scheme for spread spectrum
ABSTRACT There are applications in spread spectrum channels where spatial diversity is required to mitigate fading. The spreading gain in such channels is often limited to reduce the chances of a nearby interferer being in-band. With modest spreading gains the signal bandwidth may be less than the coherence bandwidth. In such cases receiver-based multi-path diversity is not feasible, and spatial diversity is used to combat fading. This study improves and extends the work presented in US patent #6389085 B1, which exploits the structure of spread spectrum signals to implement N th order spatial diversity with simple incoherent radio frequency combining. An improved combining scheme is proposed here together with a special pseudo-random noise (PN) sequence to reduce intra symbol interference. A unique coherent all-digital demodulator is also provided. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the new system is about 3.5 dB higher than that of the original system described in the patent. The new receiver is comparable in cost to selection diversity, but does not switch antennas and therefore, does not suffer the momentary signal drop-outs. However, the penalty for eliminating the drop outs is a 1.5 dB lower output SNR.
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ABSTRACT: The results of temporally and spatially distributed wideband (impulse response) propagation experiments in the 900 MHz and 1.7 GHz radio frequency bands in two different buildings on fixed indoor radio links are reported. Results from the temporal experiments show that, for a specific location in either of the two buildings, the dynamics of indoor channels are slightly less random at 910 MHz than at 1.7 GHz. It is believed that this would result in marginally better performance on a given transmit/receive link in the 900 MHz band. The spatially distributed measurements showed that the structures of average impulse-response envelopes differed for channels in the two buildings. In one building, RMS delay spreads were slightly greater in the 1.7 GHz band for over 90% of transmit/receive link configurations. In the other building, RMS delay spreads were marginally greater in the 900 MHz band for 70% of the configurationsIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications 02/1989; DOI:10.1109/49.16840 · 4.14 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Conventional multi-antenna receiver front-ends require multiple RF/baseband chains and analog-to-digital converters (ADC). This increases power consumption and chip area substantially. In this letter, we introduce a new Code-Modulated Path-Sharing Multi-Antenna (CPMA) receiver architecture suitable for any multi-antenna scheme including spatial multiplexing, spatial diversity, and beamforming. The receiver uses code modulation to distinguish the antenna signals before combining them in the analog domain. The combined signal propagates through shared-path blocks and all the original signals are later recovered in the digital domain for further processing. Due to the spread spectrum nature of code modulation, a larger bandwidth is needed for the blocks in the shared path. To alleviate this effect, the use of non-orthogonal coding is examined. An effective channel matrix is derived and the system capacity is evaluated in terms of the cross-correlation between signature codes. Implementation and code selection issues are discussed. Analysis and simulation results indicate that by properly selecting non-orthogonal code sets, the spreading factor, and therefore, the overall analog signal bandwidth is reduced while incurring minimal performance degradation.IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications 06/2009; 8(5-8):2193 - 2201. DOI:10.1109/TWC.2009.071126 · 2.76 Impact Factor