Wave mixing in nonlinear magnetic metacrystal
ABSTRACT We present experimental measurements of three- and four-wave mixing phenomena in an artificially structured nonlinear magnetic metacrystal at microwave frequencies. The sum frequency generation signal for the varactor-loaded split-ring resonator (VLSRR) metamaterial agrees quantitatively with that predicted using an analytical effective medium model describing the VLSRR medium. A resonant enhancement of the nonlinear response is observed near the metamaterial resonance.
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ABSTRACT: Since the initial demonstration of negative refraction and cloaking using metamaterials, there has been enormous interest and progress in making practical devices based on metamaterials such as electrically small antennas, absorbers, modulators, detectors etc that span over a wide range of electromagnetic spectrum covering microwave, terahertz, infrared (IR) and optical wavelengths. We present metamaterial as an active substrate where each unit cell serves as an element for generation of plasma, the fourth state of matter. Sub-wavelength localization of incident electromagnetic wave energy, one of the most interesting properties of metamaterials is employed here for generating high electric field to ignite and sustain microscale plasmas. Frequency selective nature of the metamaterial unit cells make it possible to generate spatially localized microplasma in a large array using multiple resonators. A dual resonator topology is shown for the demonstration. Since microwave energy couples to the metamaterial through free space, the proposed approach is naturally wireless. Such spatially controllable microplasma arrays provide a fundamentally new material system for future investigations in novel applications, e.g. nonlinear metamaterials.Scientific Reports 08/2014; 4:5964. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The basic concepts and phenomenology of wave mixing and harmonic generation are reviewed in context of the recent advances in the enhanced nonlinear activity in metamaterials and photonic crystals. The effects of dispersion, field confinement and phase synchronism are illustrated by the examples of the on-purpose designed artificial nonlinear structures. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J RF and Microwave CAE 22:469–482, 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering 07/2012; 22(4):469-482. · 0.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Failures due to intergranular corrosion in components of austenitic stainless steel have always been a tough problem in engineering practice. In this paper the collinear wave mixing was investigated to evaluate the intergranular corrosion in austenitic stainless steel. An acoustic nonlinearity parameter related to the bispectrum, the propagation distance and the amplitudes of fundamental waves in measured signal is proposed. Nonlinear acoustic measurements were conducted on four tubes with different degree of intergranular corrosion. The experimental results demonstrated that the proposed acoustic nonlinearity parameter is sensitive to intergranular corrosion in samples, and is well correlated with the degree of damage.NDT & E International 09/2014; · 1.72 Impact Factor