Interference management for self-organized femtocells towards green networks
ABSTRACT The femtocell concept is an emerging technology for deploying the next generation of the wireless networks, aiming at indoor coverage enhancement, increasing capacity and offloading the overlay macrocell traffic. One of the main challenges in short range femtocell networks is how to (re)configure the Home Node Bs (HNBs) in an autonomous manner so as to manage interference and diminish the energy consumption among nearby femtocells efficiently. In this paper, we investigate the indoor femtocell deployment making use of both the Frequency Division Duplexing (FDD) and the Time Division Duplexing (TDD) methods. In the FDD case, the HNBs share both the Uplink (UL) and Downlink (DL) channels with the macrocell without any cooperation to coordinate their access to the air interface. Conversely, in the TDD underlay case, femtocells only reuse the macrocell UL spectrum and cooperate with each other in order to minimize the interference among themselves, either with or without further coordination with the Macro User Equipment (MUE). The proposed solution is evaluated by means of system-level simulations using the Monte Carlo approach. Investigations have shown that the TDD underlay approach not only reduces the perceived interference levels, but also diminishes the outage probability.
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ABSTRACT: Self-organizing network/s (SON) was promoted by the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) and Next Generation Mobile Networks (NGMN). SON has been introduced since in 3GPP Release-8, Release-9 and currently included in Release-10 framework as an excellent solution that promises improvements and market potential for future wireless networks. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview on SON in advanced wireless networks such as Long Term Evolution (LTE) and LTE-Advanced systems. Although SON promises several advantages for both network operators and users, there are still challenges in implementing SON network in reality. Therefore, this paper addresses those possible challenges, discusses about SON implementation in inter-cell interference of cross-tier networks and provides future trends of the research area.01/2011;
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ABSTRACT: With the exponential increase in high rate traffic given by a new generation of wireless devices, data is expected to overwhelm cellular network capacity in the near future. Femtocell networks have been recently proposed as an efficient and cost-effective approach to provide unprecedented levels of network capacity and coverage. However, the dense and random deployment of femtocells and their uncoordinated operation raise important questions concerning interference pollution and spectrum allocation. Motivated by the flexible subchannel allocation capabilities of cognitive radio, we propose a cognitive hybrid division duplex (CHDD) that is suitable for heterogeneous networks in future mobile communication systems. Specifically, our CHDD scheme has a pair of frequency bands to perform frequency division duplex (FDD) on the macrocell, while time division duplex (TDD) is simultaneously operated in these bands by underlaid cognitive femtocells. By doing so, the proposed CHDD scheme exploits the advantages of both FDD and TDD schemes: operating in FDD at the macrocell tier controls inter- tier interference, whereas operating in TDD at the femtocell tier provides to femtocells the flexibility of adjusting uplink and downlink rates together with opportunistic access benefits. Using tools from stochastic geometry, we provide a methodology on how to design efficient switching mechanisms for cognitive TDD operation of femtocells. In particular, we derive closed- form expressions for the success probability and the area spectral efficiency of the proposed CHDD scheme when the macro tier is in downlink and uplink mode. Furthermore, we propose an open access policy as a means to improve the performance of macrocell transmissions. Our analysis and numerical results show the effectiveness of introducing cognition in femtocells so as to improve the system performance of two-tier femtocell networks.IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications 10/2013; 12(10):4852–4865. · 2.42 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Energy consumption of wireless networks is now a very important research topic and several research teams worldwide are proposing solutions for the so-called green wireless networks, i.e. energy-efficient wireless networks. Although the increase of this research activity is rather recent, a great number of research papers and collaborative projects exist nowadays. We first summarise the metrics used in the related literature for performance evaluation. Then, we focus on describing the current approaches proposed by reviewing a good number of references from literature. The main research directions are presented: the component level research, where the efforts are mainly concentrated on the power amplifier section; the cell layout adaptation including the cell-breathing technique and coverage extension methods like femtocells and relays; in addition, we also include the radio resource management and the cognitive radio into the studied approaches. These methods are analysed, compared, classified and then a framework of classification and integration is proposed. We finally describe some major collaborative projects dedicated to this topic.EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking 2012(1). · 0.54 Impact Factor