Current Margin Against the Fault Current in REBCO Coated Conductors
ABSTRACT The application of yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO) coated conductors in power cables is anticipated. In practical applications, high-temperature superconducting (HTS) cables can be subjected to short-circuit fault current and are expected to operate for over 30 years. In order to safeguard the current margin of YBCO coated conductors against fault current, we carried out preliminary experiments on overcurrent characteristics using an HTS model cable. Meanwhile, we performed numerical simulations to clarify the electromagnetic and thermal behaviors of the HTS model cable. In this study, we numerically simulated the fault current waveform in each YBCO coated conductor that constitutes an entire cable. We then carried out experiments focusing on the current-voltage (I-V) characteristics and the current margin without causing critical current ( I c) degradation against the fault current by varying the amplitude of the waveform obtained numerically. Furthermore, we repeatedly applied the fault current to a YBCO coated conductor to experimentally investigate the I c degradation caused by iterative fault current.
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ABSTRACT: In Japan, the development of the 66-kV-class superconducting power cable was begun in 2008 as a national project. A high-temperature superconducting (HTS) power cable typically consists of a copper former, HTS conductor layers, electrical insulation layers, HTS shield layers, and copper shield layers. 66-kV-class superconducting power cables may be subjected to a fault current of 31.5 kA<sub>rms</sub> for 2 s. Therefore, in order to ensure the stability and feasibility of superconducting power cables, we need to investigate these cables with respect to their thermal characteristics and current distribution under fault conditions. In this study, we carried out over-current experiments on a 2-m-long HTS model cable. We also performed numerical simulations on the model cable by using a computer program developed by us on the basis of a 3D finite element method (FEM) and an electrical circuit model.IEEE Transactions on Appiled Superconductivity 07/2011; · 1.20 Impact Factor
Article: A New HTS Cable Project in Japan[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A new HTS cable project supported by Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) and New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) has just started in Japan. Target of this project is to operate a 66 kV, 200 MVA HTS cable in a real grid in order to demonstrate its reliability and stable operation. Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) provides the real grid and studies the impact of connecting the HTS cable to the existing conventional facilities in Yokohama. Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. (SEI) designs and manufactures the HTS cable, terminations and joint. Mayekawa Mfg. Co. Ltd. provides a cooling system. Total project period is planned to be 5 years. In 2007, components of HTS cable system were studied and designed. In 2008 and early 2009, the pre-system with a 30-meter cable will be installed in the factory to demonstrate basic performance of the HTS cable and its accessories. Then the 200 MVA HTS cable will be manufactured in 2009 and installed and operated at the site in 2010 and 2011. One of the technical targets in this project is to reduce the AC loss of HTS cable. For this purpose, a new type DI-BSCCO wire with twisted superconducting filaments is planned to be applied in the cable. A 1-meter cable core manufactured with the new wires shows its AC loss as less than 1 W/m/ph at 2 kArms, which is 1/4 of AC loss with normal DI-BSCCO.IEEE Transactions on Appiled Superconductivity 07/2009; · 1.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: YBCO tapes are expected to be used in future high temperature superconducting (HTS) applications because of their good J <sub>c</sub> characteristics at high temperatures and in high applied magnetic fields. In applications to electric power devices such as transmission cables, transformers, and fault current limiters, the HTS conductors will be subjected to short-circuit fault currents that are 10 to 30 times the normal operating current. These overcurrents are greater than the critical current, and degrade or burn-out the HTS conductors. Therefore, it is important to clarify the mechanism of the degradation caused by such overcurrent pulses. We carried out preliminary experiments on damage caused by overcurrent pulse drive, focusing on the temperature limitation without suffering degradation for overcurrent pulse operation. A 10-mm-wide YBCO tape was cut into 2-mm-wide sample tapes by a laser beam, and the sample tapes were soldered on silver-deposited 100-mum-thick copper plates. Overcurrent tests were carried out on these sample tapes and I<sub>c</sub> degradation was investigated. In addition the contact interface between YBCO and the Ag layer or buffer layer before and after the overcurrent drives has been investigated in order to clarify the correlation between the degradation and delamination of sample tapes.IEEE Transactions on Appiled Superconductivity 07/2009; · 1.20 Impact Factor