Functional connectivity networks in the autistic and healthy brain assessed using Granger causality
ABSTRACT In this study, we analyze brain connectivity based on Granger causality computed from magnetoencephalographic (MEG) activity obtained at the resting state in eight autistic and eight normal subjects along with measures of network connectivity derived from graph theory in an attempt to understand how communication in a human brain network is affected by autism. A connectivity matrix was computed for each subject individually and then group templates were estimated by averaging all matrices in each group. Furthermore, we performed classification of the subjects using support vector machines and Fisher's criterion to rank the features and identify the best subset for maximum separation of the groups. Our results show that a combined model based on connectivity matrices and graph theory measures can provide 87.5% accuracy in separating the two groups. These findings suggest that analysis of functional connectivity patterns may provide a valuable method for the early detection of autism.
- SourceAvailable from: Vangelis Sakkalis[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This paper presents BrainNetVis, a tool which serves brain network modelling and visualization, by providing both quantitative and qualitative network measures of brain interconnectivity. It emphasizes the needs that led to the creation of this tool by presenting similar works in the field and by describing how our tool contributes to the existing scenery. It also describes the methods used for the calculation of the graph metrics (global network metrics and vertex metrics), which carry the brain network information. To make the methods clear and understandable, we use an exemplar dataset throughout the paper, on which the calculations and the visualizations are performed. This dataset consists of an alcoholic and a control group of subjects.Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience 01/2011; 2011:747290.