New Optimized Solution Method for Beamforming in Cognitive Multicast Transmission
ABSTRACT The optimal beamforming for cognitive multicast transmission is nonconvex rank-one constrained optimization problem. For a solution, a popular method is the combination of relaxed convex semi-definite programming, where the rank-one constraint is dropped, and randomization. We show that in many cases, this method cannot give satisfactory solutions. As an initial step, we develop a simple alternative method, which gives much better solutions. Our simulation confirms this fact.
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ABSTRACT: The problem of transmit beamforming to multiple cochannel multicast groups is considered, when the channel state is known at the transmitter and from two viewpoints: minimizing total transmission power while guaranteeing a prescribed minimum signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) at each receiver; and a "fair" approach maximizing the overall minimum SINR under a total power budget. The core problem is a multicast generalization of the multiuser downlink beamforming problem; the difference is that each transmitted stream is directed to multiple receivers, each with its own channel. Such generalization is relevant and timely, e.g., in the context of the emerging WiMAX and UMTS-LTE wireless networks. The joint problem also contains single-group multicast beamforming as a special case. The latter (and therefore also the former) is NP-hard. This motivates the pursuit of computationally efficient quasi-optimal solutions. It is shown that Lagrangian relaxation coupled with suitable randomization/cochannel multicast power control yield computationally efficient high-quality approximate solutions. For a significant fraction of problem instances, the solutions generated this way are exactly optimal. Extensive numerical results using both simulated and measured wireless channels are presented to corroborate our main findings.IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing 04/2008; · 2.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This paper studies the robust beamforming design for a multi-antenna cognitive radio (CR) network, which transmits to multiple secondary users (SUs) and coexists with a primary network of multiple users. We aim to maximize the minimum of the received signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratios (SINRs) of the SUs, subject to the constraints of the total SU transmit power and the received interference power at the primary users (PUs) by optimizing the beamforming vectors at the SU transmitter based on imperfect channel state information (CSI). To model the uncertainty in CSI, we consider a bounded region for both cases of channel matrices and channel covariance matrices. As such, the optimization is done while satisfying the interference constraints for all possible CSI error realizations. We shall first derive equivalent conditions for the interference constraints and then convert the problems into the form of semi-definite programming (SDP) with the aid of rank relaxation, which leads to iterative algorithms for obtaining the robust optimal beamforming solution. Results demonstrate the achieved robustness and the performance gain over conventional approaches and that the proposed algorithms can obtain the exact robust optimal solution with high probability.IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing 01/2010; · 2.81 Impact Factor
Conference Proceeding: On Transmit Beamforming for Physical-Layer Multicasting.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Abstract—This paper considers the problem of downlink transmit beamforming for wireless transmission and downstream precoding for digital subscriber wireline transmission, in the context of common information broadcasting or multicasting applications wherein channel state information (CSI) is available at the transmitter. Unlike the usual “blind” isotropic broadcasting scenario, the availability of CSI allows transmit optimization. A minimum transmission power criterion is adopted, subject to prescribed minimum received signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) at each of the intended receivers. A related max–min SNR “fair” problem formulation is also considered subject to a transmitted power constraint. It is proven that both problems are NP-hard; however, suitable reformulation allows the successful applica- tion of semidefinite relaxation (SDR) techniques. SDR yields an approximate solution plus a bound on the optimum value of the associated cost/reward. SDR is motivated from a Lagrangian duality perspective, and its performance is assessed via pertinent simulations for the case of Rayleigh fading wireless channels. We find that SDR typically yields solutions that are within 3–4 dB of the optimum, which is often good enough in practice. In several scenarios, SDR generates exact solutions that meet the associated bound on the optimum value. This is illustrated using measured very-high-bit-rate Digital Subscriber line (VDSL) channel data, and far-field beamforming for a uniform linear transmit antenna array. Index Terms—Broadcasting, convex optimization, downlinkProceedings of the Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2011, 5-9 December 2011, Houston, Texas, USA; 01/2011