Sonic gradient index lens for aqueous applications

Acoustics Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375, USA
Applied Physics Letters (Impact Factor: 3.3). 10/2010; 97(11):113503 - 113503-3. DOI: 10.1063/1.3489373
Source: IEEE Xplore


We study the acoustic scattering properties of a phononic crystal designed to behave as a gradient index lens in water, both experimentally and theoretically. The gradient index lens is designed using a square lattice of stainless-steel cylinders based on a multiple scattering approach in the homogenization limit. We experimentally demonstrate that the lens follows the graded index equations derived for optics by mapping the pressure intensity generated from a spherical source at 20 kHz. We find good agreement between the experimental result and theoretical modeling based on multiple scattering theory.

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