Low-Threshold Pump Power and High Integration in Al O : Er Slot Waveguide Lasers on SOI
ABSTRACT We numerically investigate the potential of Al2O3:Er3+ active slot waveguides for realizing small-form factor lasers on silicon-on-insulator. Based on recent technological improvements in the reliable and low-cost fabrication of alumina doped with high Er3+ concentration, we point out the possibility of realizing silicon compatible emitters at 1.55 μm, optically pumped at 1480 nm with a few milliwatts threshold pump power.
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ABSTRACT: In this work, a dielectric waveguide mode solver is presented considering a general nonreciprocal permittivity tensor. The proposed method allows us to investigate important cases of practical interest in the field of integrated optics, such as magneto-optical isolators and anisotropic waveguides. Unlike the earlier developed mode solver, our approach allows for the precise computation of both forward and backward propagating modes in the nonreciprocal case, ensuring high accuracy and computational efficiency. As a result, the nonreciprocal loss/phase shift can be directly computed, avoiding the use of the perturbation method. To compute the electromagnetic modes, the Rayleigh-Ritz functional is derived for the non-self adjoint case, it is discretized using the node-based finite element method and the penalty function is added to remove the spurious solutions. The resulting quadratic eigenvalue problem is linearized and solved in terms of the propagation constant for a given frequency (i.e., γ-formulation). The main benefits of this formulation are that it avoids the time-consuming iterations and preserves the matrix sparsity. Finally, the method is used to study two examples of integrated optical isolators based on nonreciprocal phase shift and nonreciprocal loss effect, respectively. The developed method is then compared with the perturbation approach and its simplified formulation based on semivectorial approximation.Optics Express 06/2014; 22(13):15737-15756. DOI:10.1364/OE.22.015737 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The voltage amplitude and its distribution along the grounding grid are decided by current injecting a grounding system of high voltage substation -. Therefore, the short circuit current passing this grounding system of substation is always cared by the designers. - introduced a new method to calculate the current passing grounding system of high voltage substation when lightning strikes on the grounding wire of transmission line at any point regardless of the influential parameters. This paper studied clearly the influence of the parameters of “grounding wire-electric pole system” and from this, the dangerous zone of high voltage substation and some other interesting results were received.IPEC, 2012 Conference on Power & Energy; 01/2012
Conference Paper: Design of a compact SOI polarization rotator for mid-IR application[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Design of a compact polarization rotator (PR) exploiting power coupling through phase matching between the TM mode of a strip waveguide (WG) and TE mode of a vertical slot WG is presented. Optimized cross sectional dimensions of the coupler have been achieved to use this device as a compact PR at 3 μm wavelength with device length of just 2 mm. We also investigate the device performance at the operating wavelength (λ) = 1.55 μm.Computers and Devices for Communication (CODEC), 2012 5th International Conference on; 01/2012