Neodymium-modified bismuth titanate, Bi 4- x Nd x Ti 3 O 12 (BNdT), nanotube arrays were fabricated by sol-gel method utilizing experimentally prepared porous anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) templates with pore diameters of about 200 nm and 100 nm, respectively. The as-prepared nanotube arrays exhibit orthorhombic perovskite polycrystalline structure of BNdT, which have outer diameters of about 200 and 100 nm, corresponding to the pores diameters of the AAO templates employed, and with wall thicknesses of about 9.7 nm and 12 nm, respectively. The phonon vibration modes corresponding to the Bi atoms in the Bi 2 O 2 layers weaken and broaden with increasing Nd content. The changes of Raman internal modes originated from the vibrations of atoms inside the TiO 6 octahedral indicate the increase in octahedron tilting and structural distortion. The leakage current and polarization-electric field response curves of BNdT nanotube arrays were measured, and the hysteresis loop illustrates a good ferroelectric property of as-prepared BNdT nanotube array at room temperature. The dielectric constant and dissipation factor were measured in the frequency region from 1 kHz to 1 MHz indicating polarization relaxation phenomenon.
"In order to expand the range of potential applications of colored AAO films, materials with other functional properties (e.g. ferromagnetic , ferroelectric , semiconductor ) have already been introduced into the pores of colored AAO templates. Among them, it is worth to mention that Yoon et al.  synthesized the semiconductor/ferromagnetic metal nanowire (CdS/Co) arrays in the pores of AAO templates by ac electrodeposition, but the obtained nanocomposite films did not display structural color. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A simple method of fabricating Co-containing anodic aluminum oxide films for multifunctional anti-counterfeit technology is reported. The films display highly saturated colors after being synthesized by an ac electrodeposition method. Tunable color in the films is obtained by adjusting anodization time, and can be adjusted across the entire visible range. Magnetic measurements indicate that such colored composite films show excellent magnetic properties. The resulted short (310 nm in length) and wide (50 nm in diameter) Co nanowires present only hexagonal close-packed phase, with the coercivity and squareness ratio as high as 1.2 x 10(5) A/m and 0.803, respectively. The magnetization reversal mechanism is in good agreement with coherent rotation model. The color and magnetic properties remain the same over a wide temperature range. The Co-containing anodic aluminum oxide films with structural color and perpendicular magnetic recording properties have friability-resistant feature and could be used in many areas including decoration, display and multifunctional anti-counterfeiting applications.
Dyes and Pigments 12/2014; 111:185–189. DOI:10.1016/j.dyepig.2014.06.012 · 3.97 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bi4Ti3O12 (BTO) doped with different concentrations of Er3+ was prepared using sol–gel method. Their structures and surface morphology were examined by X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy
and scanning electron microscopy, respectively. All XRD peaks can be indexed according to orthorhombic BTO phase, which is
consistent with Raman measurement results. Strong upconversion green luminescence is observed in the Er3+ doped BTO powders pumped by 980 nm at room temperature. Three upconversion emission bands centered at about 525, 550 and
662 nm are due to the radiative relaxation of Er3+ from 2H11/2, 4S3/2 and 4F9/2 to the ground level 4I15/2, respectively. The upconversion emission mechanism of the samples were identified and analyzed. In addition, the doped BTO
ceramics show obvious hysteresis loops, demonstrating the ferroelectric properties of the samples. These results illustrate
the potential of this class of materials for photonic applications in optoelectronics devices.
Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology 08/2011; 59(2). DOI:10.1007/s10971-011-2498-4 · 1.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nanorods, nanowires, and nanotubes of ferroelectric perovskites have recently been studied with increasing intensity due to their potential use in non-volatile ferroelectric random access memory, nano-electromechanical systems, energy-harvesting devices, advanced sensors, and in photocatalysis. This Review summarizes the current status of these 1D nanostructures and gives a critical overview of synthesis routes with emphasis on chemical methods. The ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties of the 1D nanostructures are discussed and possible applications are highlighted. Finally, prospects for future research within this field are outlined.
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