Conference Paper

Radioactive wastewater treatment using selective ion exchangers

Dept. of Chem. & Environ. Process Eng., Budapest Univ. of Technol. & Econ., Budapest, Hungary
DOI: 10.1109/INREC.2010.5462565 Conference: Nuclear & Renewable Energy Conference (INREC), 2010 1st International
Source: IEEE Xplore

ABSTRACT It is well known that in the Hungarian PWR-type nuclear power plant Paks the radioactive waste waters are collected in common tanks. These water streams contain radioactive isotopes in ultra-low concentration and inactive compounds as major components (borate 1.7 g/dm3, sodium-nitrate 0.4 g/dm3, sodium-hydroxide 0.16 g/dm3, and oxalate 0.25 g/dm3). These low salinity solutions were evaporated by adding sodium-hydroxide, until 400 g/dm3 salt content is reached. There is about 6000 m3 concentrated evaporator bottom residues in the tanks of the PWR. We have developed a complex technology for the selective separation of the long live radionuclides and for the partial recycle of boric acid from this evaporator bottom residue. A wastewater treatment system has been developed by using a cesium selective inorganic ion exchanger. The selective separation of cesium (137Cs, 134Cs) from high salt concentration and strongly alkaline evaporator bottom residue in Paks Nuclear Power Plant has a volume reduction factor about 1800-3500 at the value of the decontamination factor DF > 100, for the samples of four tanks of the Hungarian PWR Paks.

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    ABSTRACT: Radioactive wastes are generated during nuclear fuel cycle operation, production and application of radioisotope in medicine, industry, research, and agriculture, and as a byproduct of natural resource exploitation, which includes mining and processing of ores, combustion of fossil fuels, or production of natural gas and oil. To ensure the protection of human health and the environment from the hazard of these wastes, a planned integrated radioactive waste management practice should be applied. This work is directed to review recent published researches that are concerned with testing and application of different treatment options as a part of the integrated radioactive waste management practice. The main aim from this work is to highlight the scientific community interest in important problems that affect different treatment processes. This review is divided into the following sections: advances in conventional treatment of aqueous radioactive wastes, advances in conventional treatment of organic liquid wastes, and emerged technological options.
    Water 12/2011; 3:551-565. · 1.29 Impact Factor

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