Differential Modulation for Bidirectional Relaying With Analog Network Coding

Sch. of Electron. & Comput. Sci., Peking Univ., Beijing, China
IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing (Impact Factor: 2.81). 08/2010; DOI: 10.1109/TSP.2010.2046441
Source: IEEE Xplore

ABSTRACT In this correspondence, we propose an analog network coding scheme with differential modulation (ANC-DM) using amplify-and-forward protocol for bidirectional relay networks when neither the source nodes nor the relay knows the channel state information (CSI). The performance of the proposed ANC-DM scheme is analyzed and a simple asymptotic bit error rate (BER) expression is derived. The analytical results are verified through simulations. It is shown that the BER performance of the proposed differential scheme is about 3 dB away from that of the coherent detection scheme. To improve the system performance, the optimum power allocation between the sources and the relay is determined based on the simplified BER. Simulation results indicate that the proposed differential scheme with optimum power allocation yields 1-2 dB performance improvement over an equal power allocation scheme.

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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, we consider a two-way relay network in which two users exchange messages through a single relay using a physical-layer network coding (PNC) based protocol. The protocol comprises two phases of communication. In the multiple access (MA) phase, two users transmit their modulated signals concurrently to the relay, and in the broadcast (BC) phase, the relay broadcasts a network-coded (denoised) signal to both users. Nonbinary and binary network codes are considered for uniform and nonuniform pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) adopted in the MA phase, respectively. We examine the effect of different choices of symbol mapping (i.e., mapping from the denoised signal to the modulation symbols at the relay) and bit mapping (i.e., mapping from the modulation symbols to the source bits at the user) on the system error-rate performance. A general optimization framework is proposed to determine the optimal symbol/bit mappings with joint consideration of noisy transmissions in both communication phases. Complexity-reduction techniques are developed for solving the optimization problems. It is shown that the optimal symbol/bit mappings depend on the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the channel and the modulation scheme. A general strategy for choosing good symbol/bit mappings is also presented based on a high-SNR analysis, which suggests using a symbol mapping that aligns the error patterns in both communication phases and Gray and binary bit mappings for uniform and nonuniform PAM, respectively.
    IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications 06/2013; · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    IEEE International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances for Wireless Communications (SPAWC); 06/2013

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