Article

Optimum Spatial Arrangement of Array Elements for Suppression of Grating-Lobes of Radar Cross Section

Nat. Lab. of Antennas & Microwave Technol., Xidian Univ., Xi'an, China
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters (Impact Factor: 1.95). 02/2010; DOI: 10.1109/LAWP.2010.2044230
Source: IEEE Xplore

ABSTRACT A new method to optimize the radar cross section (RCS) for array antennas is presented. A previous work has reported that the RCS of an array is the product of the array RCS factor multiplying the element RCS factor. In this method, the strong scattering from an equally spaced array can be considerably reduced at some certain directions by optimizing the array RCS factor. With the proposed method, the optimized array will scatter waves at a much lower level against prescribed incident directions. In order to illustrate the validation of the proposed method, a planar dipole array and a linear array with bowtie antenna elements are designed and optimized by the proposed method. The numerical and simulated results show that the RCS pattern of equally spaced array generally has some grating-lobes at some certain directions. Hence, the proposed method is applied to suppress these grating-lobes to design a low RCS array. The algorithmically optimized and simulated results validate that the proposed method can help to suppress these grating-lobes.

1 Follower
 · 
144 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A novel kind of composite patch antenna is proposed, in which the mushroom-like electromagnetic band-gap (EBG) structure is integrated onto the conventional patch. Due to the high impedance property of the EBG structure, the scattering fields from EBG structure and the rest of antenna can be out of phase and cancel each other. The composite patch antenna exhibits a natural low in-band radar cross section (RCS) property and keeps the compact planar size as the conventional patch antenna. When radiating, the composite patch as a whole acts as the radiating part of the antenna; while scattering, the composite patch antenna can significantly reduce the in-band RCS within the main scattering beam direction, and the maximum reduction can reach 8 dBsm when plane wave is impinging from normal direction.
    IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 01/2015; 14:139-142. DOI:10.1109/LAWP.2014.2357017 · 1.95 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Approximate closed-form expression is derived for the scattering from dipole arrays based on the equivalent circuit theory. Then, a method is proposed for synthesis of dipole arrays to produce desired scattering pattern using genetic algorithm (GA). In the synthesis method, the element positions in an array are considered as the optimization parameter and the derived expression is used to evaluate the fitness function of GA. To assess the validity and efficiency of the proposed method, several linear dipole arrays are designed to obtain scattering pattern with low sidelobe level (SLL). A good agreement between the patterns calculated using the expression and simulated by FEKO validates the accuracy of the presented expression. In addition, the numerical results show that the maximum SLL of the scattering pattern is considerably reduced by optimization. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J RF and Microwave CAE, 2011.
    International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering 11/2011; 21(6):622 - 628. DOI:10.1002/mmce.20556 · 0.85 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) is a well-proven remote-sensing technique; however, current single-antenna SAR systems cannot fulfil the increasing demands for high-resolution and wide-swath imaging. This paper proposes a multiaperture antenna with waveform diversity for wide-swath remote sensing. This approach employs a multiple-transmit multiple-receive antenna configuration in elevation and an orthogonal transmit waveform. In this way, multiple pairs of virtual beams directed to different subswaths can then be formed simultaneously. Equivalently, a large swath can be obtained. Furthermore, orthogonal frequency diversion multiplexing (OFDM) linearly frequency modulated (LFM) waveform and beamforming on reception are employed in this paper. The system scheme, signal model, processing algorithm, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and ambiguity-to-signal ratio (ASR) performance, including both azimuth and range dimensions, are investigated. Simulation results show that the proposed method can obtain an improved range ambiguity suppression, thus enabling a wider swath for remote sensing.
    International Journal of Remote Sensing 06/2013; 34(12):4142-4155. DOI:10.1080/01431161.2013.772674 · 1.36 Impact Factor