Thermal expansion of skutterudites

Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Vienna, Währingerstr. 42, A-1090 Wien, Austria
Journal of Applied Physics (Impact Factor: 2.21). 03/2010; DOI: 10.1063/1.3284088
Source: IEEE Xplore

ABSTRACT The current paper gives an overview of the newly obtained thermal expansion coefficients of skutterudites as well as those so far available in literature. Thermal expansion was determined for CoSb 3 , Pt 4 Sn 4.4 Sb 7.6 , for As- and Ge-based skutterudites as well as for various high-ZT skutterudites (micro- and nanostructured) with didymium (DD) and mischmetal (Mm) as filler atoms in frameworks of ( Fe 1- x Co x )4 Sb 12 and ( Fe 1- x Ni x )4 Sb 12 , and for double and triple-filled skutterudites such as Ca 0.07 Ba 0.23 Co 3.95 Ni 0.05 Sb 12 and Sr 0.025 Ba 0.075 Yb 0.1 Co 4 Sb 12 . For low temperatures, a capacitance dilatometer was used (4–300 K), whereas for temperatures 300≪ T ≪750 K , a dynamic mechanical analyzer was employed. For a set of Ge-, P-, and Sb-based skutterudites, lattice parameters of single crystals, measured at three different temperatures, were used to derive the thermal expansion coefficient. The semiclassical model of Mukherjee [Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1876 (1996)] has been successfully used to quantitatively describe the thermal expansion coefficient in terms of Einstein and Debye temperatures, which compare well with the corresponding results from specific heat, electrical resistivity, or temperature depend-
ent x-ray measurements.

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