Tomographic 3D reconstruction from airborne circular SAR
ABSTRACT The study of data acquired over a circular trajectory has raised an increasing interest in the SAR community. Two main reasons summarize the interest in such geometry. First, sub-wavelength resolution can be achieved, as the targets in the spotted area are observed under a 360o aperture. Second, the use of the information from different azimuthal directions allows one to obtain information of the scene in the third dimension, making possible a 3D target reconstruction. In any case, both applications require certain target reflectivity homogeneity. This paper shows several processing results and analyzes the potentials and limitations of circular SAR to perform tomography of semi-transparent media. Special processing aspects, like the estimation of residual motion errors due to inaccuracies in the navigation data, are also addressed. Data acquired at L-band by DLR's E-SAR system are used to demonstrate the high resolution and tomographic imaging capabilities of circular SAR. The results include the tomogram of a Luneburg lens, as well as preliminary results over man-made targets and vegetation.
Conference Paper: Airborne circular SAR imaging: Results at P-band[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The first airborne Circular SAR data acquisition experiment of China was carried out in Sichuan by the National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Microwave Imaging (MITL), China. Data was acquired using the MITL's P-band, fully polarimetric SAR system along a circular trajectory with the beam spotted on the same area. Compared with the conventional SAR along a straight path, this imaging mode mainly has the following attractive features. First, observing from all directions can help for a better understanding of the scattering properties of targets. Second, the wide angular aperture obtained via flight in a circular track makes possible high resolutions with low frequency band. Third, the aspect angle diversity inherent to the circular track allows for a 3-D target reconstruction. This paper presents the SAR processing of such data, and shows several results to analyze the potentials and limitations of such imaging geometry.Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), 2012 IEEE International; 01/2012
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ABSTRACT: This article presents a modified Omega-K algorithm for circular trajectory scanning synthetic aperture radar (CTSSAR) imaging. Due to the curvature of circular trajectory, it is difficult to have access to the two-dimensional frequency spectrum for CTSSAR via the principle of stationary phase (POSP), as conventional SAR imaging methods RD and CS. Herein, the analytic point target spectrum is first derived by series reversion and the POSP, based on which a modified Omega-K algorithm is developed to focus data accurately. The accuracy can be controlled by keeping enough terms in the two series expansions so that a well-focused image can be achieved with a proper range approximation. After detailed analyses and experiments, the fourth-order approximation is proved to be the best choice. Furthermore, the computational efficiency is evaluated by comparing the given method with the back projection algorithm and other methods with different approximated orders. The proposed algorithm is verified to be the best one in terms of computational burden. A well-focused image is obtained by simulations, validating the feasibility of the proposed algorithm.Journal on Advances in Signal Processing 01/2013; 2013(1). DOI:10.1186/1687-6180-2013-64 · 0.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) has been widely used for Earth remote sensing for more than 30 years. It provides high-resolution, day-and-night and weather-independent images for a multitude of applications ranging from geoscience and climate change research, environmental and Earth system monitoring, 2-D and 3-D mapping, change detection, 4-D mapping (space and time), security-related applications up to planetary exploration. With the advances in radar technology and geo/bio-physical parameter inversion modeling in the 90s, using data from several airborne and spaceborne systems, a paradigm shift occurred from the development driven by the technology push to the user demand pull. Today, more than 15 spaceborne SAR systems are being operated for innumerous applications. This paper provides first a tutorial review about the SAR principles and theory, followed by an overview of established techniques like polarimetry, interferometry and differential interferometry as well as of emerging techniques (e.g., polarimetric SAR interferometry, tomography and holographic tomography). Several application examples including the associated parameter inversion modeling are provided for each case. The paper also describes innovative technologies and concepts like digital beamforming, Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) and bi- and multi-static configurations which are suitable means to fulfill the increasing user requirements. The paper concludes with a vision for SAR remote sensing.