Conference Paper

Combined Ku and Ka band observations of precipitation and retrievals for GPM Ground validation

Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO, USA
DOI: 10.1109/IGARSS.2009.5416890 Conference: Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium,2009 IEEE International,IGARSS 2009, Volume: 1
Source: IEEE Xplore


The dual-frequency precipitation radar (DPR) aboard the GPM (Global Precipitation Measurement) core satellite is expected to improve our knowledge of precipitation processes. Ground validation is an integral part of all satellite precipitation missions which helps provide insight into the physical basis of the retrieval algorithm. A dual-frequency (Ku and Ka band) and dual-polarization ground radar will be built in near future to perform cross validation with GPM. This paper presents a new algorithm to retrieve parameters of the drop size distribution from this dual-frequency and dual-polarization ground. The method is based on combination of DFR (dual frequency ratio) and dual-polarization approach. Attenuation correction is solved within the retrieval process. The proposed algorithm is evaluated based on simulated Ku and Ka band realistic observations, for rain, melting layer and ice parts.

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    • "For instance, traditional dual-pol DSD retrieval algorithms for ground-based radar using φ dp are not suitable at Ka-band. In order to support the development, extensive numerical evaluations have been carried out to document the extinction statistics of propagation through precipitation and new parameter retrieval techniques by combining dual-frequency and dualpolarization observations have been investigated [9] "
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    ABSTRACT: As an integral part of Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission, Ground Validation (GV) program proposes to establish an independent global cross-validation process to characterize errors and quantify uncertainties in the precipitation measurements of the GPM program. A ground-based Dual-Frequency Dual-Polarized Doppler Radar (D3R) that will provide measurements at the two broadly separated frequencies (Ku- and Ka-band) is currently being developed to enable GPM ground validation, enhance understanding of the microphysical interpretation of precipitation and facilitate improvement of retrieval algorithms. The first generation D3R design will comprise of two separate co-aligned single-frequency antenna units mounted on a common pedestal with dual-frequency dual-polarized solid-state transmitter. This paper describes the salient features of this radar, the system concept and its engineering design challenges.
    Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), 2010 IEEE International; 08/2010
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  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A dual-frequency precipitation radar (DPR) will be deployed aboard GPM (Global Precipitation Measurement) core satellite in order to enhance our knowledge of precipitation microphysics. A ground based dual-frequency (Ku and Ka band) and dual-polarization radar D3R is being built to perform cross validation with GPM-DPR which helps provide insight into the physical basis of the retrieval algorithm. This paper is the follow up study of the author's previous paper where a new drop size distribution (DSD) retrieval algorithm was proposed. In this paper, the algorithm evaluation is extended to the complete region including rain, melting ice and ice based on simulation data. A possible method to classify the hydrometeor identification for dual-frequency and dual-polarization ground radar is also proposed which might be applied to D3R.
    IEEE International Geoscience & Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2010, July 25-30, 2010, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, Proceedings; 01/2010
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