Thermo-Optic Switching Effect Based on Fluid-Filled Photonic Crystal Fiber

Inst. of Photonic Technol., Jena, Germany
IEEE Photonics Technology Letters (Impact Factor: 2.18). 03/2010; DOI: 10.1109/LPT.2009.2037242
Source: IEEE Xplore

ABSTRACT We report a thermo-optic switching effect with a high extinction ratio of 30 dB by means of filling a fluid into air holes of a solid-core photonic crystal fiber (PCF). Such an effect can perform a turn on-off operation of the transmitted light via a small temperature adjustment of ??10??C. The switching function attributes to the absorption of the filled fluid in combination with the interaction between the core mode and the excited ??fluid rod?? modes, resulting from the thermo-optic effect of the filled fluid.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this paper we present the technology and experimental results of the intensity based fiber optic threshold temperature sensor. As an optode of the sensor it was used a patch cord with an organic mixture filled photonic crystal fiber. Under temperature changes the used mixture changes its state from solid to liquid one and this effect decides about intensity of a transmitted light. A fabricated patch cord with VCSEL as a light source can be easy to use, flexible, cheap and low power consuming sensor. The used technology gives a possibility to design optodes with different transition temperatures in order to make sensor arrays.
    OFS2012 22nd International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensor; 10/2012
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present both theoretically and experimentally the thermo-optic characteristics of micro-structured optical fiber (MOF) filled with mixed liquid. The performance of MOF depends on the efficient interaction between the fundamental mode of the transmitted light wave and the tunable thermo-optic materials in the cladding. The numerical simulation indicates that the confinement loss of MOF presents higher temperature dependence with higher air-filling ratios , longer incident wavelength and fewer air holes in the cladding. For the 4cm liquid-filled grapefruit MOF, we demonstrate from experiments that different proportions of solutions lead to tunable temperature sensitive ranges. The insertion loss and the extinction ratio are 3~4 dB and approximate 20 dB, respectively. The proposed liquid-filling MOF will be developed as thermo-optic sensor, attenuator or optical switch with the advantages of simple structure, compact configuration and easy fabrication.
    Journal of the Optical Society of Korea 06/2013; 17(3). DOI:10.3807/JOSK.2013.17.3.231 · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Microstructured optical fibers are usually divided into two different types of fibers: solid-core Photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) and air-core photonic bandgaps fibers (PBGs). This paper presents the fabrication methods and applications of optical fiber gratings written in both solid-core PCFs and air-core PBGs. A sensitive stain sensor was demonstrated by use of a long period fiber gratings (LPFGs) written in solid-core PCFs. An in-fiber polarizer based on a LPFG is fabricated by use of a focused CO2 laser beam to notch periodically on a PCF. A novel LPFG was written in air-core photonic bandgap fibers by use of a CO2 laser periodically collapse air holes in the fiber cladding. Moreover, this paper also report fiber Bragg gratings written in small-core Ge-doped or pure-solid photonic crystal fibers with a two-beam interference technique employing an excimer or femtosecond laser.
    Photonics Global Conference (PGC), 2012; 01/2012