Dynamic Resource Allocation with Service Guarantees over Large Scale Optical Networks
ABSTRACT The lack of effective contention resolution mechanisms in the optical domain presents dynamic optical switching architectures with a hard dilemma between high loss (when adopting one-way reservations) and high delay (when using two-way reservations). In this work we evaluate an alternative hierarchical network architecture, which achieves a satisfactory compromise by partitioning the network into a number of geographically limited domains operating in slot and frame synchronous mode where two-way reservations are effective.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Andreas Drakos, Jun 26, 2015
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ABSTRACT: To support bursty traffic on the Internet (and especially WWW) efficiently, optical burst switching (OBS) is proposed as a way to streamline both protocol and hardware in building the future generation Optical Internet. By leveraging the attractive properties of optical communications and at the same time, taking into account its limitations, OBS combines the best of optical circuitswitching and packet/cell switching. In this paper, the general concept of OBS protocols and in particular, those based on Just-Enough-Time (JET), is described, along with the applicability of OBS protocols to IP over WDM. Specific issues such as the use of fiber delay-lines (FDL) for accommodating processing delay and/or resolving conflicts are also discussed. In addition, the performance of JET-based OBS protocols which use an offset time along with delayed reservation to achieve efficient utilization of both bandwidth and FDLs as well as to support priority-based routing is evaluated.
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ABSTRACT: In this paper, we discuss different signaling techniques for optical burst-switched networks. We develop a generalized signaling framework for optical burst-switched networks, which provides guidelines about the performance of each signaling technique based on the different parameters in the framework. The two commonly used signaling techniques in optical burst switching are two-way based tell-and-wait (TAW) and one-way based just-enough-time (JET). TAW suffers from high end-to-end packet delay, while JET suffers from high packet loss. There is no signaling technique that offers flexibility in terms of both loss and delay. We propose a hybrid signaling technique called intermediate-node-initiated (INI) signaling for optical burst-switched networks. INI can provide different levels of loss and delay characteristics based on end-user application requirements. The granularity of INI ranges between the one-way based and the two-way based signaling techniques. In INI reservation of channels is initiated at an intermediate node, known as the initiating node, in both forward and backward directions at the same time. We show that by appropriately selecting the initiating node, we can simulate both TAW and JET using the INI signaling technique. Through simulations, we shown that INI performs better than TAW in terms of average end-to-end packet delay and better than JET in terms of burst loss probability. We extend the INI signaling technique to provide QoS differentiation in the OBS core, differentiated INI (DINI), by carefully choosing different initiation nodes depending on delay and loss requirements of end-user applications. Through extensive simulations, we show that the DINI technique outperforms the existing offset-based QoS technique.Optical Switching and Networking 02/2007; DOI:10.1016/j.osn.2006.09.004 · 0.91 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Traffic grooming refers to techniques used to combine low-speed traffic streams onto high-speed wavelengths in order to minimize the networkwide cost in terms of line terminating equipment and/or electronic switching. Such techniques become increasingly important for emerging network technologies, including SONET/WDM rings and MPLS/MPλS backbones, for which traffic grooming is essential. In this article we formally define the traffic grooming problem, and we provide a general formulation that captures the features of a wide range of problem variants. We then present a comprehensive comparative survey of the literature that unveils the significant amount of research on this subject (the traffic grooming past). We also offer a broad set of ambitious research directions (the traffic grooming future) that are motivated by the exciting new challenges arising with the advent of MPλS technology.IEEE Network 12/2002; DOI:10.1109/MNET.2002.1081765 · 3.72 Impact Factor