Routine leak testing in colorectal surgery in the Surgical Care and Outcomes Assessment Program.
ABSTRACT To evaluate the effect of routine anastomotic leak testing (performed to screen for leaks) vs selective testing (performed to evaluate for a suspected leak in a higher-risk or technically difficult anastomosis) on outcomes in colorectal surgery because the value of provocative testing of colorectal anastomoses as a quality improvement metric has yet to be determined.
Observational, prospectively designed cohort study.
Data from Washington state's Surgical Care and Outcomes Assessment Program (SCOAP).
Patients undergoing elective left-sided colon or rectal resections at 40 SCOAP hospitals from October 1, 2005, to December 31, 2009.
Use of leak testing, distinguishing procedures that were performed at hospitals where leak testing was selective (<90% use) or routine (≥ 90% use) in a given calendar quarter.
Adjusted odds ratio of a composite adverse event (CAE) (unplanned postoperative intervention and/or in-hospital death) at routine testing hospitals.
Among 3449 patients (mean [SD] age, 58.8 [14.8] years; 55.0% women), the CAE rate was 5.5%. Provocative leak testing increased (from 56% in the starting quarter to 76% in quarter 16) and overall rates of CAE decreased (from 7.0% in the starting quarter to 4.6% in quarter 16; both P ≤ .01) over time. Among patients at hospitals that performed routine leak testing, we found a reduction of more than 75% in the adjusted risk of CAEs (odds ratio, 0.23; 95% CI, 0.05-0.99).
Routine leak testing of left-sided colorectal anastomoses appears to be associated with a reduced rate of CAEs within the SCOAP network and meets many of the criteria of a worthwhile quality improvement metric.
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ABSTRACT: Anastomotic leaks are a dreaded surgical complication following colorectal operations. Creation of a temporary proximal diverting ileostomy is used in high-risk anastomoses, however, additional surgical risk is accumulated with its creation and reversal. Endoluminal vacuum therapy has been shown to seal anastomotic defects in the prophylactic setting in a pig model and we hypothesized it could be utilized in a delayed fashion to rescue subjects with an active anastomotic leak. Yorkshire pigs underwent rectal resection, intentional leak confirmed by fluoroscopy, and endoluminal vacuum therapy device placement to low continuous suction. Following treatment, a contrast enema and necropsy was performed for gross and histopathology. Pigs underwent 2 (or 5) days of free intraperitoneal leak prior to device placement and 5 (or 7) subsequent days of endoluminal vacuum therapy. Six of seven early-treated pigs sealed their anastomotic defect, while two of the four treated pigs in this extended group sealed the defect. Endoluminal vacuum therapy is feasible and well tolerated in a pig model, and it has been shown to seal a significant number of freely leaking anastomoses in the early period (86%). This technology warrants further study as it may provide a noninvasive means to treatment of anastomotic leaks.Clinical and Translational Science 01/2014; · 2.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Some observational studies suggest that diversion during restorative proctocolectomy mitigates the risk of anastomotic complications. However, diversion has its own costs and complications. The aim of this study was to compare the cost and outcomes of diverted to undiverted restorative proctocolectomy. This study took advantage of a natural experiment within one surgical department to understand the clinical and financial implications of diversion during restorative proctocolectomy. For the last 10 years, two surgeons routinely diverted all patients undergoing restorative proctocolectomy, and two other surgeons routinely did not. The medical records of 288 consecutive restorative proctocolectomy patients were reviewed. Minimum follow-up time was 1 year, with an average of 4.7 years. Complications rates and costs of care were collected. There were no significant differences between rates of anastomotic leak, fistula, or hernias in diverted versus undiverted patients. The odds of having stricture (odds ratio (OR) = 17.08, P < 0.001) and small bowel obstruction (OR = 5.05, P = 0.02) were both significantly higher in diverted patients. The average cost per patient was $43,000 more in the routinely diverted patients. Undiverted restorative proctocolectomy may be the highest value procedure with the most favorable outcomes at the lowest cost.Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 03/2014; · 2.36 Impact Factor