Structure of AKR1C3 with 3-phenoxybenzoic acid bound.
ABSTRACT Aldo-keto reductase 1C3 (AKR1C3) is a human enzyme that catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of steroids and prostaglandins. AKR1C3 overexpression is associated with the proliferation of hormone-dependent cancers, most notably breast and prostate cancers. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and their analogues are well characterized inhibitors of AKR1C3. Here, the X-ray crystal structure of 3-phenoxybenzoic acid in complex with AKR1C3 is presented. This structure provides useful information for the future development of new anticancer agents by structure-guided drug design.