Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of novel chalcone derivatives as antitubulin agents.
ABSTRACT A series of novel chalcone derivatives have been designed and synthesized, and their biological activities were also evaluated as potential inhibitors of tubulin. These compounds were assayed for growth-inhibitory activity against MCF-7 and A549 cell lines in vitro. Compound 3d showed the most potent antiproliferative activity against MCF-7 and A549 cell lines with IC(50) values of 0.03 and 0.95 μg/mL and exhibited the most potent tubulin inhibitory activity with IC(50) of 1.42 μg/mL. Docking simulation was performed to insert compound 3d into the crystal structure of tubulin at colchicines binding site to determine the probable binding model. Based on the preliminary results, compound 3d with potent inhibitory activity in tumor growth may be a potential anticancer agent.