Psychotropic medication use and association with physical and psychosocial outcomes in nursing home residents
ABSTRACT Psychotropic medications are commonly prescribed for older adults living in long-term care settings. Use of these medications has been associated with negative functional outcomes. The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of psychotropic medication use among nursing home residents, and to explore the relationship of psychotropic medication use on physical and psychosocial outcomes. A secondary data analysis was done using baseline measures from the Res-Care Intervention Study. The sample included 419 residents from 12 nursing homes. There were 288 participants (69%) who were prescribed at least one psychotropic medication, with 81 participants (19%) receiving antipsychotics, 248 (59%) receiving antidepressants, 50 (12%) receiving anxiolytics and 37 (9%) receiving sedative/hypnotics. Controlling for gender, age and cognition, physical outcomes were significantly lower in residents receiving psychotropic medications (F= 3.2, P= 0.01) compared to those not receiving psychotropic medications. Psychosocial outcomes were significantly lower in those residents receiving psychotropic mediations (F= 2.0, P= 0.04). The findings from this study provide additional support for the prevalence of psychotropic medication use among nursing home residents and suggest that residents receiving psychotropic medications may be less likely to engage in functional activities and experience decreased quality of life.
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ABSTRACT: Background: Whilst the number of people living in nursing homes (NH) is expected to rise, research on NH quality is scarce. The purpose of this article is to describe the research protocol of the IQUARE study and to present its baseline data. Methods and design: IQUARE is a 18-month multicentric individually-tailored controlled trial of education and professional support to NH staff. The main purposes of IQUARE are to improve the quality of the health care provided in NHs and to reduce the risk of functional decline among residents. Data on internal organisation and residents' health for the 175 participating NHs were recorded by NH staff at baseline. NHs were allocated to either a light intervention group (LIG, n = 90 NHs, totalising 3 258 participants) or a strong intervention group (SIG, n = 85 NHs, totalising 3 017 participants). Intervention for LIG consisted at delivering to NH staff descriptive statistics on indicators of quality regarding their NH and the NHs from their sub-region of health and region; whereas for SIG, NH staff received the same information that LIG, but quality indicators were discussed by a cooperative work (two half-day meetings) between a hospital geriatrician and NH staff. Strategies for overcoming NH's weaknesses were then traced; the efficacy of strategies is evaluated at a 6-month period. Results: Baseline data showed high levels of dependence, comorbidities, psychological disturbances and medication's consumption among NH residents. Large discrepancies among NHs were observed. Conclusions: IQUARE is one of the largest controlled trials in NHs developed in France. Results from IQUARE may constitute the basis for the development of new work modalities within the French health system, and serve as a model of a feasible research approach in NHs.The Journal of Nutrition Health and Aging 02/2013; 17(2):173-8. DOI:10.1007/s12603-013-0008-9 · 2.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the prevalence of reduced grip strength and associated factors in long-lived elderly, who are users of primary health care. Method: Cross-sectional quantitative study, data were collected during the period of January to December of 2013, by applying tests and questionnaires. The convenience sampling was comprised of 157 seniors. Results: The findings indicate that the reduction in grip strength presents a moderate prevalence (25.5%), predominantly among females (19.1%), in the age group of 80-89 years (18.5%) and in those with lower educational levels (15.9%). The association between reduced grip strength and the variables of age and body mass index showed a statistical significance. Conclusion: Investigations about the handgrip strength are essential for identifying clinical conditions of Brazilian long-lived elderly, and contribute to the development of plans towards the management of frailty.Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P 01/2014; 48(6):1006-12. DOI:10.1590/S0080-623420140000700007 · 0.50 Impact Factor