The Texas-Edinburgh-Catania Silicon Array (TECSA): A detector for nuclear astrophysics and nuclear structure studies with rare isotope beams
ABSTRACT We present the details of the construction and commissioning of the Texas-Edinburgh-Catania Silicon Array (TECSA). TECSA is composed of up to 16 Micron Semiconductor Ltd. type-YY1 silicon strip detectors and associated electronics, which is designed for use in studies of nuclear astrophysics and nuclear structure with rare isotope beams. TECSA was assembled at the Texas A&M University Cyclotron Institute and will be housed there for the next few years. The array was commissioned in a recent experiment where the d((14)C,p)(15)C reaction at 11.7 MeV/u was measured in inverse kinematics. The results of the measurement and a discussion of the future use of this array are presented. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the 8-h time-weighted average (8-h TWA) exposure to nitrous oxide of dentists working in a paediatric dental unit, and to relate this to various operator, patient and environmental factors. This prospective, open-label study monitored nitrous oxide levels using either a personal dosimeter or an electronic sensor worn by the operator. Information was recorded by three dental operators administering nitrous oxide/oxygen for inhalational sedation. Thirty-four paediatric dental patients were treated over a total of 17 treatment sessions. Active scavenging was used for all children; 23 were treated using the Porter-Brown scavenging system and 11 with the Accutron system. Exposure to nitrous oxide expressed as an 8-h TWA ranged from 16 to 374 ppm, with a mean of 151 ppm. The recommended 8-h TWA of 100 ppm was achieved in only 38% of cases. Ambient nitrous oxide levels apparently increased with restorative treatment, poorer behaviour, when the extractor fan was switched off, with patients over 10 years of age and an increased number of sequential patients. This study found that the recommended 8-h TWA was achieved in only 38% of treatment episodes, despite the use of active scavenging.International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 04/2007; 17(2):116-22. · 0.92 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Analgesia and sedation for painful procedures in children are safe and effective, yet our experience is that pain management during lumbar puncture is suboptimal. We aim to document factors that influence residents' decisions to use analgesia and sedation during lumbar puncture and to compare pediatric and emergency medicine residents' practices. A survey was developed and sent to pediatric and emergency medicine residents from across Canada that inquired about clinical practices, learning experiences, current use of analgesia and sedation for lumbar puncture, and their clinical reasoning for using or abstaining from using analgesia and sedation. The Student's t and chi2 tests were used to compare the 2 resident groups. Of the 374 residents to whom the survey was sent, 245 completed the survey. Pediatric residents reported performing lumbar punctures with no local anesthetic much more frequently. Pediatric residents used EMLA (AstraZeneca, Wilmington, DE) more frequently and injectable lidocaine less frequently. Pediatric residents used sedation for lumbar puncture at least once, more frequently than emergency medicine residents, and used mostly benzodiazepines. Both groups used ketamine at a similar rate. Pediatric residents reported that they witnessed adverse events of sedation more frequently. Although pediatric residents were responsible for teaching trainees the lumbar-puncture procedure significantly more frequently, they reported less educational opportunities during residency themselves and that they were less likely to recommend the use of local anesthetic during lumbar puncture when teaching the procedure. Several significant differences exist between the pediatric residents and emergency medicine residents we surveyed. Pediatric residents were using less injectable local anesthesia for lumbar puncture in children and more sedation for the procedure and have had notably less training in the use of sedation. Pediatric residents have more teaching responsibilities than their emergency medicine residents colleagues and are inconsistently recommending the use of local anesthetics for lumbar puncture.PEDIATRICS 04/2007; 119(3):e631-6. · 4.47 Impact Factor
- Plastic and reconstructive surgery 10/2007; 120(3):809-10. · 2.74 Impact Factor