13 APRIL 2012 VOL 336 SCIENCE www.sciencemag.org
edited by Jennifer Sills
LETTERS I BOOKS I POLICY FORUM I EDUCATION FORUM I PERSPECTIVES
CREDIT: G. MILLER/SCIENCE
Limits on computation?
Experts Still Relevant
THE NEWS FOCUS STORY ON GLOBAL MEN-
tal health, “Who needs psychiatrists?” (G.
Miller, 16 March, p. 1294), implied that the
answer is “no one.” This is not the case.
It is true that clinical trials have demon-
strated the effi cacy of talking therapies for
depression, anxiety, and other common men-
tal disorders, when delivered by nonpsychia-
trist health workers trained by professionals.
Severely ill individuals (such as those with
refractory depression, bipolar disorder, or
schizophrenia) require medication, which can
be administered safely by nurses, family doc-
tors, and even health workers supervised by
medical personnel. Investing in community
health workers as mental health gatekeepers
is the safest national strategy for sustainable
mental health programs, for the reasons men-
tioned in the News Focus story as well as an
additional one: Community health workers
are not as susceptible to “brain drain”—the
emigration of skilled workers for better work-
ing conditions—as health professionals.
For quality care, however, psychiatrists are
needed for overall direction/supervision and
training in differential diagnosis and medica-
tion management, especially when address-
ing complex comorbidities (mental as well as
physical). Psychiatrists play a crucial role as
consultants in these inter national projects.
MYRNA M. WEISSMAN1,2* AND HELEN VERDELI3
1Department of Psychiatry, College of Physician and Sur-
geons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA.
2Division of Epidemiology, New York State Psychiatric Insti-
tute, New York, NY 10032, USA. 3Counseling and Clini-
cal Psychology, Teachers College, Columbia University,
New York, NY 10027, USA.
*To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail:
Sound and Fury, Clarifi ed
IT WAS AN HONOR TO HAVE MY PROFILE PUB-
lished in Science (“Sound and fury in the
microbiology lab,” C. Mary, News Focus, 2
March, p. 1033). However, I was surprised
that 20% of the article is devoted to the
American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
story, in which I was a collateral victim of
a collective sanction (there has been no col-
lective liability in France since World War
II). I did not manage the paper and did not
even check the last version. The mistake by
C. Capo consists of a single fi gure inver-
sion (not four, as stated in the Science pro-
fi le). This paper has since been published
(1). In January 2007, I was awarded one of
IN HIS NEWS FOCUS STORY “WHO NEEDS PSYCHIATRISTS?” (16 MARCH,
p. 1294), G. Miller highlights the burgeoning psychiatric morbidi-
ties in regions left devastated by confl ict. Social media can now pro-
vide access to an additional conduit of expertise, which can offer
remote support and help in constructing virtual healthcare architec-
ture in politically fragile nations. In Somaliland, with a population of
3.5 million people, United Kingdom–based organizations are already
using social networking portals to support continuing medical edu-
cation for interns (1) and to provide real-time mentoring for doctors
managing challenging psychiatry cases. This support is crucial in a
country with no psychiatrists in the public sector and in which chain-
ing affected patients to the fl oor is common. With an unpredictable
political climate limiting interventions by foreign agencies, social net-
works provide a practical means of offering regular, intercontinental
support to doctors who would otherwise be isolated. Such technology
could further be deployed to gather electronic healthcare workforce
records, augment coordination of clinical trials, and monitor health
economies. The disparities in medical capacity between Northern and
Southern partners are already narrow-
ing. If security and identity verifi cation
are safeguarded, social media could
rapidly accelerate progress.
FAISAL R. ALI,1* ADAM M. ALI,2
ALEXANDER E. T. FINLAYSON3
1Department of Dermatological Sciences, Uni-
versity of Manchester, Manchester, M6 8HD, UK.
2Green-Templeton College, University of Oxford,
Oxford, OX2 6HG, UK. 3Centre for Global Health,
King’s College, London, SE1 8UB, UK.
*To whom correspondence should be addressed.
References and Notes
1. A. E. Finlayson et al., J. Telemed. Telecare 16,
2. All authors are affi liates of medicineafrica.com,
a social enterprise providing a platform for
healthcare educational partnerships.
Looking for help. An overcrowded mental
hospital in Banda Aceh, Indonesia.
Published by AAAS
on May 18, 2015
on May 18, 2015
on May 18, 2015
www.sciencemag.org SCIENCE VOL 336 13 APRIL 2012
the highest ASM honors—the ICAAC lec-
ture—thus clearing doubts about my scien-
tifi c integrity.
I fi nd it interesting that the Web site (2) of
the profi le’s author, C. Mary, states that she
works for Danone, a Paris-based food prod-
ucts company. My recent work on the putative
role of probiotics in obesity (3–5) [reported in
my book (6)] led to bad press for Danone and
forced them to review their marketing strat-
egy [e.g., (7)].
Rickettsies Research Unit, University of Medicine, Marseille,
13005, France. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
1. Y. Bechah, C. Capo, G. Grau, D. Raoult, J. L. Mege,
Microbes Infect. 9, 898 (2007).
2. European Medical Writers Association, Catherine Mary
3. D. Raoult, Nat. Rev. Microbiol. 7, 616 (2009).
4. D. Raoult, Nature 454, 690 (2008).
5. S. D. Ehrlich, Nat. Rev. Microbiol. 7, 901 (2009).
6. D. Raoult, Dépasser Darwin (Plon, Paris, ed. 1, 2010).
7. MarketingAttitude.net, Activia ou le Scandale de Danone
le-scandale-de-danone) [in French].
RAOULT IS REFERRING TO A WEB SITE THAT IS
out of date. My collaboration with Danone is
limited to writing two newsletters in 2002 and
2003; I have had no contact with Danone rep-
resentatives for more than 9 years.
Cultural Diversity in
a Global Society
IN HER EDITORIAL “THE GLOBAL KNOWLEDGE
society” (3 February, p. 503), N. V . Fedoroff
argues that “creating a truly global knowl-
edge society” would empower humanity to
solve its common problems. However, she
neglects to acknowledge that humanity’s
problems, although shared, are inextricable
from local cultural and ecological contexts.
Knowledge may be empowering as a solu-
tion to these problems, but it often empowers
inequitably. With these disparities, a “global
knowledge society” could harm certain cul-
tures and cause loss in the world’s cultural
diversity. For example, the globalization of
the knowledge of traditional Chinese medi-
cine has escalated demands for medicinal
materials to beyond local ecological capaci-
ties, putting thousands of wild Chinese herbs
at risk of extinction (1), and consequently
damaging this treasured cultural practice.
Preserving the world’s cultural diversity at
a time of globalization—of both knowledge
and economy—is in humanity’s own interest
of future viability. The world needs not one
homogenized global knowledge society, as
CORRECTIONS AND CLARIFICATIONS
News Focus: “Sound and fury in the microbiology lab” by C. Mary (2 March, p. 1033). The article said that a reviewer for
Infection and Immunity raised concerns about four fi gures in a revised manuscript by Raoult and colleagues. The article
should have made clear that at issue were panels within a single fi gure of the revised manuscript. As the article stated, one
author acknowledged he had made a mistake, but only two panels were in error.
Reports: “A DOC2 protein identifi ed by mutational profi ling is essential for apicomplexan parasite exocytosis” by A. Farrell et
al. (13 January, p. 218). There were labeling errors in Figs. 1C and 3C. In Fig. 1C (left), the y axis should run from 0 to 50%,
not 0 to 100%. In Fig. 3C (right), the labels on the x axis, 35°C and 40°C, should be transposed. The corrected fi gure panels
are presented here.
Letters to the Editor
Letters (~300 words) discuss material published
in Science in the past 3 months or matters of
general interest. Letters are not acknowledged
upon receipt. Whether published in full or in part,
Letters are subject to editing for clarity and space.
Letters submitted, published, or posted elsewhere,
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Letter, go to www.submit2science.org.
Published by AAAS
www.sciencemag.org SCIENCE VOL 336 13 APRIL 2012 Download full-text
Breaking news and analysis from
the world of science policy
the Editorial suggests, but a global mosaic of
multiple, pluralistic knowledge societies, each
rooted in its own unique cultural identity. This
latter view refl ects the idea of “knowledge
societies” espoused by the United Nations
Educational, Scientifi c, and Cultural Orga-
nization (UNESCO)—“the plural here,” the
organization asserts in a report, “sanctions the
need for an accepted diversity” (2).
Department of Physical Science and Engineering, Truman
College, City Colleges of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60640, USA.
1. S. Cao, Q. Feng, Science 335, 1168 (2012).
2. UNESCO World Report, “Towards knowledge societies”
(UNESCO Publishing, Paris, 2005), p. 5; http://unesdoc.
THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES HAS
reported the decline in U.S. science, technol-
ogy, engineering, and mathematics (STEM)
education time and time again (1, 2). Despite
these fi ndings, the federal government has
not substantially increased its funding of sci-
North Carolina has found a creative solu-
tion by leveraging its own (albeit limited)
state budget. The state science museum has
been transformed into a hub for science
research, education, and outreach technol-
ogies. Called the Nature Research Center
(NRC), a new 24,000-m2 wing of the existing
museum was funded through public-private
partnerships, creating a statewide “one-stop
shop” for all facets of science education. All
K-12 classrooms in North Carolina are linked
through the Internet to the NRC’s multime-
dia technology theater, where scientists will
broadcast their discoveries. Technology plat-
forms in the NRC foster science communica-
tion to diverse audiences throughout the state
(and beyond), including K-12, citizens, edu-
cators, and policy-makers.
STEM education is a responsibility for
everyone—federal, state, and local govern-
ments, as well as parents and students them-
selves. By creating a hub for cutting-edge
science research, education, and communi-
cation, North Carolina is ensuring a strong
pipeline of exceptional STEM students into
MARGARET DALZELL LOWMAN
Nature Research Center, North Carolina Museum of Natural
Sciences/North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27601,
USA. E-mail: email@example.com
1. National Academy of Sciences, Rising Above the Gathering
Storm (National Academies Press, Washington, DC, 2007).
2. National Academy of Sciences, Rising Above the Gather-
ing Storm, Revisited (National Academies Press, Wash-
ington, DC, 2010).
Published by AAAS