Chordal transfer from the intact posterior mitral leaflet (PML) to the anterior mitral leaflet (AML) is an effective way to correct anterior leaflet prolapse and provides good long-term results. However, it is difficult to determine the accurate segment of the PML which needs to be transferred and the suture point of the leaflets. We describe a modified technique to determine the correct segment that needs to be transferred to effectively correct AMLs with elongated or ruptured chordae. This technique renders performing chordal transfer easier and more accurate.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mitral regurgitation (MR) due to mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is often treatable by surgical repair. However, the very long-term (>10-year) durability of repair in both anterior leaflet prolapse (AL-MVP) and posterior leaflet prolapse (PL-MVP) is unknown.
In 917 patients (aged 65+/-13 years, 68% male), surgical correction of severe isolated MR due to MVP (679 repairs and 238 replacements [MVRs]) was performed between 1980 and 1995. Survival after repair was better than survival after MVR for both PL-MVP (at 15 years, 41+/-5% versus 31+/-6%, respectively; P=0.0003) and AL-MVP (at 14 years, 42+/-8% versus 31+/-5%, respectively; P=0.003). In multivariate analysis adjusting for predictors of survival, repair was independently associated with lower mortality in PL-MVP (adjusted risk ratio [RR] 0.61, 95% CI 0.44 to 0.85; P=0.0034) and in AL-MVP (adjusted RR 0.67, 95% CI 0.47 to 0.96; P=0.028). The reoperation rate was not different after repair or MVR overall (at 19 years, 20+/-5% for repair versus 23+/-5% for MVR; P=0.4) or separately in PL-MVP (P=0.3) or AL-MVP (P=0.3). However, the reoperation rate was higher after repair of AL-MVP than after repair of PL-MVP (at 15 years, 28+/-7% versus 11+/-3%, respectively; P=0.0006). From the 1980s to the 1990s, the RR of reoperation after repair of AL-MVP versus PL-MVP did not change (RR 2.5 versus 2.7, respectively; P=0.58), but the absolute rate of reoperation decreased similarly in PL-MVP and AL-MVP (at 10 years, from 10+/-3% to 5+/-2% and from 24+/-6% to 10+/-2%, respectively; P=0.04).
In severe MR due to MVP, mitral valve repair compared with MVR provides improved very long-term survival after surgery for both AL-MVP and PL-MVP. Reoperation is similarly required after repair or replacement but is more frequent after repair of AL-MVP. Recent improvement in long-term durability of repair suggests that it should be the preferred mode of surgical correction of MVP whether it affects anterior or posterior leaflets and is an additional incentive for early surgery of severe MR due to MVP.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Factors predicting long-term survival and reoperative risk after mitral valve repair for subsets with prolapse involving the anterior leaflet in the current era are unclear.
Between January 1, 1980 and December 31, 1999, surgical correction of mitral regurgitation was performed in 2,219 patients. We analyzed a subset of 1,411 patients with isolated mitral regurgitation due to leaflet prolapse undergoing mitral repair or replacement (+/- coronary bypass).
Mean age was 64 years, and 1,003 (71%) were men. Mitral repair was performed in 1,173 (83%) patients. Factors independently predicting overall long-term survival included valve repair, younger age, better functional class, and the absence of significant coronary artery disease. After adjusting for these, smaller preoperative left ventricular end-systolic dimension and greater preoperative ejection fraction were associated with superior survival. Mitral reoperation occurred in 97 patients (75 repairs, 22 replacements), at a mean of 4.8 years after initial procedure. Cumulative risk of reoperation was similar for patients having valve repair or replacement. Factors predictive of need for reoperation after initial repair were younger age, anterior leaflet prolapse, chordal shortening, no leaflet resection, no prosthetic annuloplasty, greater than mild residual mitral regurgitation, and coronary artery disease. After valve replacement, the sole determinant of reoperation was use of a biological prosthesis. The durability of repair for prolapse of the anterior leaflet improved significantly during the second decade of the study.
Mitral repair affords superior long-term survival, with permanence comparable with mechanical valve replacement. In all categories of mitral leaflet prolapse, durability of valve repair has improved over the past decade.
The Annals of thoracic surgery 10/2006; 82(3):819-26. DOI:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2006.03.091 · 3.85 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cardiac surgery has achieved remarkable progress in the past 10 years. Safer techniques of anesthesia and postoperative care, improved extracorporeal circulation and myocardial protection, and sophisticated surgical techniques are new tools which have been instrumental in reducing hospital mortality and increasing the efficiency of our operations. New surgical tools impose new surgical goals. It's not enough to save patients' lives; we must also take into consideration the quality of life given to the patient and the socioeconomic impact of our surgical actions. There already have been some trends in this direction, such as operating for congenital malformations at an earlier stage and the development of reconstructive operations to replace palliative techniques. Reconstructive valve surgery can very well be considered another example of this nouvelle chirurgie.
Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 10/1983; 86(3):323-37. · 4.17 Impact Factor
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