Article

Leukocyte filtration of blood cardioplegia attenuates myocardial damage and inflammation.

Division of Cardiac Surgery, University of Verona Medical School, Verona, Italy.
European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery (Impact Factor: 2.4). 03/2012; DOI:10.1093/ejcts/ezs145
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVES: Leukocyte filtration of blood cardioplegia (cLkF) is postulated to reduce ischaemia-reperfusion myocardial injury. Contradictory results have been published and few studies have addressed perioperative cytokine leakage and haemodynamic status after LkF. METHODS: Thirty patients undergoing isolated aortic valve replacement were randomized to cLkF (cLkF-Group) or to standard cold blood cardioplegia (S-Group). Troponin I (TnI) and lactate were sampled from the coronary sinus at reperfusion. Peripheral TnI and lactate were collected preoperatively at admission, and in the intensive care unit (ICU) at 8, 12, 36 and 60 h postoperatively. Cardiac index (CI), indexed systemic vascular resistances, cardiac cycle efficiency (CCE) and central venous pressure (CVP) were registered preoperatively, at admission to the ICU and at the 6th, 12th, 18th, 24th and 36th postoperative hour. IL-6, IL-8, TNF-alpha and IL-10 were sampled preoperatively, at reperfusion, on admission to the ICU and the 6th, 18th and 24th postoperative hours. RESULTS: The cLkF group showed lower TnI (2.4 ± 0.4 vs. 5.1 ± 0.8 μg/l, P = 0.0001) and lactate (0.9 ± 0.1 vs. 1.6 ± 0.2 mmol/l, P = 0.0001) from the coronary sinus at reperfusion. TnI levels (group-P = 0.0001, group time-P < 0.0001) and lactate (group time-P = 0.001) remained lower postoperatively after cLkF. Ventricular defibrillation at aortic declamping was less common in the cLkF-Group (33.3% vs. S-Group: 93.3%; P = 0.002). Cytokines demonstrated significant postoperative leakage (time-P = 0.0001 in both groups for IL-6, IL-8, TNF-alpha, IL-10), with lower pro-inflammatory (IL-6 group-P = 0.0001, group time-P = 0.0001; IL-8 group-P = 0.0001, group time-P = 0.007; TNF-alpha group-P = 0.0001; group time-P = 0.012) and higher anti-inflammatory cytokine secretion after cLkF (IL-10 group-P = 0.005). Perioperative haemodynamic indices proved to be similar between the two groups (group-P = NS for CI, SVRI, CCE and CVP). CONCLUSIONS: cLkF during blood cardioplegia attenuates myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury and reduces perioperative leakage of TnI, lactate and pro-inflammatory cytokines. These data did not result in a better haemodynamic status.

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