[Validation of standard operating procedures in nursing care of patients with totally implanted catheters].
ABSTRACT Care protocols are important technological resources in health practice and should be validated for the sake of scientific credibility in professional practice. This research aimed to validate the items of the proposed standard operating procedures (SOPs) related to access, heparinization and dressing of totally implanted catheters, using concept analysis as proposed by Hoskins. The study involved two phases. In the first, a form was elaborated to validate the SOPs. In the second, the SOPs contents were subject to expert validation. Suggestions addressed aspects like reformulations, adding actions to make them clearer and more comprehensive, the order of procedure steps and the material to adapt the instrument. Further research is needed to orient professionals, mainly regarding the heparinization of catheters and the first dressing change after the access, with a view to standardizing conducts based on safe scientific evidence.
- SourceAvailable from: PubMed Central[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To validate the Community Oral Health Indicator-COHI by non-dental personnel. Risk assessment is an essential component in the decision-making process. Therefore, the COHI, an instrument to evaluate population oral health situation in a simple manner, was created. Community Health Agents (CHA) were trained to use the COHI (variables as number of teeth, presence of cavities, residual dental roots, oral lesions, etc.), while dentists for the COHI and DMFT. 60 individuals were examined, by CHA and DS, with these indicators in order to validate the use of COHI by non-dental personnel. Dental and soft tissues problems were well spread among those individuals. People with and without soft tissue damage, as well as with and without use and/or need for prostheses were found in the sample, proving it to be a heterogeneous population for the evaluated factors and representing the real population. The results of examinations performed by dentists using the COHI and DMF-T/dmf-t presented strong agreement when comparing the two instruments. When COHI and DMFT were compared, the results showed a concordance of 0.86 for the number of present teeth, and 0.85 for the number of residual roots. Likewise, when analyzing the data comparing the use of the COHI by DS and CHA a high agreement level, specificity and sensitivity was found. The COHI has shown to be useful for detecting problems in oral health. Therefore, COHI may be used, after training, by non-dental personnel, contributing to the planning and organization of the community dental assistance.PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(7):e39733. · 3.73 Impact Factor