Node/Aorta and Node/Liver SUV Ratios from F-18-FDG PET/CT May Improve the Detection of Occult Mediastinal Lymph Node Metastases in Patients with Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
ABSTRACT Research suggests that the semiquantitative determination of nodal (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake on positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) may be useful for the assessment of mediastinal metastases in patients with non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic ability of using different standardized uptake value (SUV) parameters in the detection of ipsilateral mediastinal (N2) disease.
A total of 102 patients newly diagnosed with non-small-cell lung carcinoma who underwent (18)F-FDG PET/CT before surgery and had not received prior therapy were retrospectively included. All patients underwent surgical resection of the primary tumor and mediastinal lymph node dissection. On a station-based analysis, different SUV parameters (eg, mediastinal lymph node SUV, node/aorta SUV ratio, and node/liver SUV ratio) were evaluated using the histopathologic results as the reference standard. The optimal cutoff value for each SUV parameter was determined with receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis.
The areas under the receiver-operating characteristic curves were 0.674, 0.693, and 0.715 for node SUV, node/aorta SUV ratio, and node/liver SUV ratio, respectively (P < .05). With cutoff values of 3.15, 1.37, and 1.02 for node SUV, node/aorta SUV ratio, and node/liver SUV ratio, respectively, the sensitivity of (18)F-FDG PET/CT for N2 staging was 57.1%, 85.7%, and 71.4%, and specificity was 74.2%, 50.5%, and 61.9%.
Compared to node SUV alone, the use of node/aorta and node/liver SUV ratios resulted in improved detection of N2 metastases. The two SUV parameters may potentially improve the diagnostic accuracy of (18)F-FDG PET/CT for the diagnosis of N2 disease in patients with non-small-cell lung carcinoma.
SourceAvailable from: Mia Schmidt-Hansen[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A major determinant of treatment offered to patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is their intrathoracic (mediastinal) nodal status. If the disease has not spread to the ipsilateral mediastinal nodes, subcarinal (N2) nodes, or both, and the patient is otherwise considered fit for surgery, resection is often the treatment of choice. Planning the optimal treatment is therefore critically dependent on accurate staging of the disease. PET-CT (positron emission tomography-computed tomography) is a non-invasive staging method of the mediastinum, which is increasingly available and used by lung cancer multidisciplinary teams. Although the non-invasive nature of PET-CT constitutes one of its major advantages, PET-CT may be suboptimal in detecting malignancy in normal-sized lymph nodes and in ruling out malignancy in patients with coexisting inflammatory or infectious diseases.Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online) 11/2014; 11(11):CD009519. DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD009519.pub2 · 5.70 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Introduction The aim of this study was to identify radiological factors that may reduce false-positive results and increase diagnostic accuracy when staging the mediastinum of patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). Methods This was a retrospective, interdisciplinary, per-node analysis study. We included patients with NSCLC and mediastinal nodes with an SUV max in the range of 2.5 to 4.0 on PET-CT. We hypothesized that the greatest number of false positive cases would occur in this cohort of patients. Results A total of 92 mediastinal lymph nodes were analyzed in 44 patients. Mediastinal disease (N2/N3) was histologically confirmed in 15 of 44 patients and in 34 of 92 lymph nodes; positive predictive value of 37% and false positive rate of 63%. Lymph node SUV max, tumor size, ratio of node SUV max to tumor SUV max (SUVn/SUVp), and ratio of node SUV max to node size (SUV n/SADn) were significantly higher in true positive cases. Using a threshold of 0.3 for SUV node/tumor and 3 for SUV node/size yielded sensitivities of 91% and 71% and specificities of 71% and 69% respectively for the detection of mediastinal disease. Using both ratios in combination resulted in a sensitivity of 65% and a specificity of 88%. Concurrent benign lung disease was observed significantly more frequently in false-positive cases. Conclusion SUVn/SUVpt and SUVn/SADn may be complimentary to conventional visual interpretation and SUV max measurement in the assessment of mediastinal disease in patients with NSCLCEuropean journal of radiology 05/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.ejrad.2014.01.016 · 2.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To investigate the specific imaging findings of multidetector row CT (MDCT) and PET/CT with(18)F-FDG in cardiac dominant diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in comparison with other cardiac tumours. METHODS: Five patients with DLBCL and 12 patients with other cardiac tumours including pericardial tumours were retrospectively reviewed. Among the patients with other cardiac tumours, seven had metastatic tumours, three had benign tumours, and two had other malignant cardiac tumours. The location of the cardiac mass, the encasement of the coronary artery surrounded by the mass, and pericardial effusion were evaluated using MDCT. The disease activity of the cardiac tumour was also evaluated by PET/CT. RESULTS: Four of the five DLBCL patients had primarily right-sided cardiac lesions, which was seen significantly more frequently in DLBCL than in other cardiac tumours (p = 0.028). All cardiac DLBCL lesions were located around the atrioventricular groove and encased the coronary arteries. ECG-gated cardiac MDCT showed that there was no apparent stenosis of the coronary arteries. Large amounts of pericardial effusion were seen in all DLBCL patients. PET/CT revealed significantly higher FDG uptake in DLBCL than in other cardiac malignant tumours, with no overlap (p = 0.0007). CONCLUSION: The combination of a right-sided cardiac mass with a large pericardial effusion and no apparent stenosis of the encased coronary artery revealed by MDCT and a high maximum standard uptake value were the specific findings in cardiac dominant DLBCL.European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 05/2013; DOI:10.1007/s00259-013-2436-5 · 4.53 Impact Factor