Berberine Improves Insulin Sensitivity by Inhibiting Fat Store and Adjusting Adipokines Profile in Human Preadipocytes and Metabolic Syndrome Patients

First Affiliated Hospital, Shanxi University of Medical, Taiyuan 030001, China.
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (Impact Factor: 1.72). 03/2012; 2012:363845. DOI: 10.1155/2012/363845
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Berberine is known to inhibit the differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells in vitro, improve glycemic control, and attenuate dyslipidemia in clinical study. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of berberine on preadipocytes isolated from human omental fat and in metabolic syndrome patients treated with berberine for 3 months. We have shown that treatment with 10 μM berberine resulted in a major inhibition of human preadipocyte differentiation and leptin and adiponectin secretion accompanied by downregulation of PPARγ2, C/EBPα, adiponectin, and leptin mRNA expression. After 3 months of treatment, metabolic syndrome patients showed decrease in their BMI (31.5 ± 3.6 versus 27.4 ± 2.4 kg/m(2)) and leptin levels (8.01 versus 5.12 μg/L), as well as leptin/adiponectin ratio and HOMA-IR. These results suggest that berberine improves insulin sensitivity by inhibiting fat store and adjusting adipokine profile in human preadipocytes and metabolic syndrome patients.

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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress and inflammation are proved to be critical for the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus. Berberine (BBR) is a natural compound isolated from plants such as Coptis chinensis and Hydrastis canadensis and with multiple pharmacological activities. Recent studies showed that BBR had antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, which contributed in part to its efficacy against diabetes mellitus. In this review, we summarized the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of BBR as well as their molecular basis. The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of BBR were noted with changes in oxidative stress markers, antioxidant enzymes, and proinflammatory cytokines after BBR administration in diabetic animals. BBR inhibited oxidative stress and inflammation in a variety of tissues including liver, adipose tissue, kidney and pancreas. Mechanisms of the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of BBR were complex, which involved multiple cellular kinases and signaling pathways, such as AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) pathway, and nuclear factor- κ B (NF- κ B) pathway. Detailed mechanisms and pathways for the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of BBR still need further investigation. Clarification of these issues could help to understand the pharmacology of BBR in the treatment of diabetes mellitus and promote the development of antidiabetic natural products.
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Manilkara zapota is a tropical evergreen tree belonging to the Sapotaceae family; its parts are used in alternative medicine to treat coughs and colds and possess diuretic, antidiarrheal, antibiotic, antihyperglycemic, and hypocholesterolemic effects. There are no studies on metabolic profile after using the fruit, and this study aimed at evaluating the effects of the leaf and pulp of M. zapota fruit on the metabolic profile of Wistar rats. Male rats were treated for 50 days with M. zapota leaf juice or fruit juice, after which their biochemical and body composition profiles were analyzed (glycemia, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), insulin, leptin, aspartate transaminase, alanine aminotransferase, Lee Index, and body mass index). Our results indicate significantly lower levels of glycemia, insulin, leptin, cholesterol, and triglycerides and augmented levels of HDL-c in animals treated with the leaves or fruit of this plant. The percentage of weight gain also declined in animals treated with M. zapota fruit pulp. The use of the M. zapota may be helpful in the prevention of obesity, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and their complications.
    Journal of Medicinal Food 09/2014; · 1.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background and aims Berberine (BBR) is an isoquinoline derivative alkaloid isolated from Rhizoma Coptidis traditionally used as anti diarrheic and, more recently, as hypolipidemic and insulin sensitizer agent. Thus, BBR could represent a potential therapeutic option for patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical, metabolic and hormonal effects of BBR in PCOS women. Methods Fifty oligoamenorrheic PCOS obese women and 50 age and Body Mass Index (BMI) matched healthy controls were enrolled. PCOS women received BBR treatment (500 mg, 2 times daily) for 6 months. Clinical and biochemical parameters were assessed before and after the treatment period. Results Total testosterone (p < 0.01), free androgen index (p < 0.01), androstenedione (p < 0.01), sex hormone binding globulin (p < 0.01), progesterone (p < 0.01), total cholesterol (p = 0.01), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (p < 0.01), triglycerides (p < 0.01), area under the curve of insulin (p < 0.01), menses frequency (p < 0.01) and Waist Circumference (p = 0.04) significantly (p < 0.05) improved after BBR treatment. No correlation was found between variations of insulin sensitivity and hormonal changes. Conclusions BBR improves clinical, metabolic and reproductive features in PCOS women. Its mechanism of actions need to be elucidated in further studies.
    e-SPEN Journal. 10/2013; 8(5):e200–e204.

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