Article

Inhibitory Effect of Ginsenoside Rg1 on Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation Induced by PDGF-BB Is Involved in Nitric Oxide Formation.

Department of Pharmacology of Zunyi Medical College and the Key Laboratory of Basic Pharmacology of Guizhou, Zunyi 563003, China.
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (Impact Factor: 1.72). 01/2012; 2012:314395. DOI: 10.1155/2012/314395
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Ginsenoside Rg1 (Rg1) has been reported to suppress the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). This study aimed to observe the role of nitric oxide (NO) in Rg1-antiproliferative effect. VSMCs from the thoracic aorta of SD rats were cultured by tissue explant method, and the effect of Rg1 (20 mg·L(-1), 60 mg·L(-1), and 180 mg·L(-1)) on platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB)-induced proliferation was evaluated by MTT assay. The cell cycle was analyzed by flow cytometry. For probing the mechanisms, the content of NO in supernatant and cGMP level in VSMCs was measured by nitric oxide kit and cGMP radio-immunity kit, respectively; the expressions of protooncogene c-fos and endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) mRNA in the VSMCs were detected by real-time RT-PCR; the intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2(+)](i)) was detected with Fura-2/AM-loaded VSMCs. Comparing with that in normal group, Rg1 180 mg·L(-1) did not change the absorbance of MTT and cell percent of G(0)/G(1), G(2)/M, and S phase in normal cells (P > 0.05). Contrarily, PDGF-BB could increase the absorbance of MTT (P < 0.01) and the percent of the S phase cells but decrease the G(0)/G(1) phase cell percent in the cell cycle, accompanied with an upregulating c-fos mRNA expression (P < 0.01), which was reversed by additions of Rg1(20 mg·L(-1), 60 mg·L(-1), and 180 mg·L(-1)). Rg1 administration could also significantly increase the NO content in supernatant and the cGMP level in VSMCs, as well as the eNOS mRNA expression in the cells, in comparison of that in the group treated with PDGF-BB alone (P < 0.01). Furthermore, Rg1 caused a further increase in the elevated [Ca(2+)](i) induced by PDGF-BB. It was concluded that Rg1 could inhibit the VSMC proliferation induced by PDGF-BB through restricting the G(0)/G(1) phase to S-phase progression in cell cycle. The mechanisms may be related to the upregulation of eNOS mRNA and the increase of the formation of NO and cGMP.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
70 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of Pistacia atlantica resin extract on the rat skin burn wound healing. Methods. Thirty-two Wistar rats were divided into four groups and treated by vehicle, 5%, 10%, and 20% concentration of Pistacia atlantica resin extract for 14 days (G1, G2, G3, and G4, resp.). The efficacy of treatment was assessed based on reduction of burn wound size and histological and molecular characteristics. Results. α -Pinene (46.57%) was the main content of essential oil of resin. There were no statistically significant differences between groups according to wound size analysis. The mean histological wound healing scores were not statistically different. Capillary counts of G2 and G3 were significantly higher than those of the G1 (P = 0.042 and 0.032, resp.). NO concentration in wound fluids on the 5th day of study was not significantly different between groups (P = 0.468). But bFGF concentration in G2 and G3 and PDGF concentration in G3 were significantly higher in comparison to G1 (P = 0.043, 0.017, and 0.019, resp.). Conclusion. Our results revealed that Pistacia atlantica resin extract has a concentration-dependent effect on the healing of burn wounds after 14 days of treatment by increasing the concentration of bFGF and PDGF and also through improving the angiogenesis.
    Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 01/2013; 2013:893425. · 1.72 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary vascular remodeling, characterized by disordered proliferation and migration of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs), is a pathognomonic feature of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Thus, pharmacologic strategy targeting on anti-proliferation and anti-migration of PASMCs may have therapeutic implications for PAH. Here we investigated the effects and underlying mechanisms of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) on angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced proliferation and migration of PASMCs. Proliferation and migration of PASMCs cultured from Wistar rats were induced by Ang II, with or without BNP treatment. In addition, potential underlying mechanisms including cell cycle progression, Ca(2+) overload, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, signal transduction of MAPK and Akt, and the cGMP/PKG pathway were examined. We found that BNP inhibited Ang II-induced PASMCs proliferation and migration dose dependently. BNP could also arrest the cell cycle progression in the G0 /G1 -phase. In addition, BNP attenuated intracellular calcium overload caused by Ang II. Moreover, Ang II-induced ROS production was mitigated by BNP, with associated down-regulation of NAD(P)H oxidase 1 (Nox1) and reduced mitochondrial ROS production. Finally, Ang II-activated MAPKs and Akt were also counteracted by BNP. Of note, all these effects of BNP were abolished by a PKG inhibitor (Rp-8-Br-PET-cGMPS). In conclusion, BNP inhibits Ang II-induced PASMCs proliferation and migration. These effects are potentially mediated by decreased calcium influx, reduced ROS production by Nox1 and mitochondria, and down-regulation of MAPK and Akt signal transduction, through the cGMP/PKG pathway. Therefore, this study implicates that BNP may have a therapeutic role in pulmonary vascular remodeling. Pediatr Pulmonol. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Pediatric Pulmonology 10/2013; · 2.38 Impact Factor

Full-text

View
1 Download
Available from

Similar Publications