Article

Ethnopharmacology of Medicinal Plants of the Pantanal Region (Mato Grosso, Brazil)

Department of Basic Sciences in Health, Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Avenida Fernando Correa da Costa, No. 2367, University Campus, 78060-900 Cuiabá, MT, Brazil.
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (Impact Factor: 1.88). 02/2012; 2012:272749. DOI: 10.1155/2012/272749
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Traditional knowledge is an important source of obtaining new phytotherapeutic agents. Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants was conducted in Nossa Senhora Aparecida do Chumbo District (NSACD), located in Poconé, Mato Grosso, Brazil using semi-structured questionnaires and interviews. 376 species of medicinal plants belonging to 285 genera and 102 families were cited. Fabaceae (10.2%), Asteraceae (7.82%) and Lamaceae (4.89%) families are of greater importance. Species with the greater relative importance were Himatanthus obovatus (1.87), Hibiscus sabdariffa (1.87), Solidago microglossa (1.80), Strychnos pseudoquina (1.73) and Dorstenia brasiliensis, Scoparia dulcis L., and Luehea divaricata (1.50). The informant consensus factor (ICF) ranged from 0.13 to 0.78 encompassing 18 disease categories,of which 15 had ICF greater than 0.50, with a predominance of disease categories related to injuries, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes (ICF  =  0.78) having 65 species cited while 20 species were cited for mental and behavioral disorders (ICF  =  0.77). The results show that knowledge about medicinal plants is evenly distributed among the population of NSACD. This population possesses medicinal plants for most disease categories, with the highest concordance for prenatal, mental/behavioral and respiratory problems.

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    • "The plant name was checked with www.theplantlist.org, on the 14th of August 2014. The plant collection was done based on an earlier ethnopharmacological study (Bieski et al., 2012). In order to access the traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources for research purposes from the traditional communities, an ethical clearance (approval no. "
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    • "In contrast with community-based ethnobotanical surveys , where the investigated resources are directly accessible in loco [8] [9] [10] [11], research at markets and fairs is much more complex, as a significant proportion of the plant products offered to the consumers are uncharacteristic or lack the elements required for accurate taxonomic identification "
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