Identifying Children With Chronic Conditions for Influenza Vaccination Using a Statewide Immunization Registry: Initial Experiences of Primary Care Providers

Child Health Evaluation and Research (CHEAR) Unit, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
Journal of public health management and practice: JPHMP (Impact Factor: 1.47). 05/2012; 18(3):204-8. DOI: 10.1097/PHH.0b013e3182176eba
Source: PubMed


Children with chronic medical conditions are at increased risk of complications from influenza, yet their vaccination rates are low. The Michigan Care Improvement Registry (MCIR), a statewide immunization registry, was expanded in 2006 to include an indicator, based on Medicaid administrative claims, that prompts providers to offer influenza vaccine to high-risk children (ie, those with chronic conditions).
To assess primary care providers' experiences with the MCIR high-risk indicator.
A cross-sectional, self-administered survey mailed in July 2009.
State of Michigan.
A total of 300 family physicians and 300 pediatricians who served as primary care providers for children in Michigan's Medicaid program.
Provider experiences with the high-risk indicator; suggestions for improvement.
Response rate was 79%. Only 32% of pediatricians and 17% of family physicians recalled seeing the high-risk indicator during the 2008-2009 influenza season. Of those who saw the indicator, 48% rated it as "helpful" or "very helpful" in identifying which children should receive flu vaccine. To improve its usefulness, 77% of respondents wanted the indicator to reflect all children, rather than only those enrolled in Medicaid, and 71% wanted MCIR to generate a list of high-risk children in their practice.
Three years after implementation, the registry-based high-risk indicator is not viewed by most providers. Half of those who saw the indicator found it helpful, and most respondents endorsed enhancements to broaden its scope. Future work should explore whether enhanced capabilities help to facilitate identification of priority cases by providers.

1 Read

  • Journal of public health management and practice: JPHMP 05/2012; 18(3):193-5. DOI:10.1097/PHH.0b013e318250b064 · 1.47 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: We evaluated the use of a statewide immunization information system (IIS) to target influenza vaccine reminders to high-risk children during a pandemic. Methods: We used Michigan's IIS to identify high-risk children (i.e., those with ≥ 1 chronic condition) aged 6 months to 18 years with no record of pH1N1 vaccination among children currently or previously enrolled in Medicaid (n = 202,133). Reminders were mailed on December 7, 2009. We retrospectively assessed children's eligibility for evaluation and compared influenza vaccination rates across 3 groups on the basis of their high-risk and reminder status. Results: Of the children sent reminders, 53,516 were ineligible. Of the remaining 148,617 children, vaccination rates were higher among the 142,383 high-risk children receiving reminders than among the 6234 high-risk children with undeliverable reminders and the 142,383 control group children without chronic conditions who were not sent reminders. Conclusions: Midseason reminders to parents of unvaccinated high-risk children with current or past Medicaid enrollment were associated with increased pH1N1 and seasonal influenza vaccination rates. Future initiatives should consider strategies to expand targeting of high-risk groups and improve IIS reporting during pandemic events.
    American Journal of Public Health 11/2013; 104(1). DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2013.301662 · 4.55 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends annual influenza vaccine for pediatric asthma patients. Despite considerable risk for influenza complications in pediatric asthma patients, including hospitalization and death, influenza vaccination among children with asthma remains low, especially among low-income pediatric asthma patients. Multiple interventions have been attempted to increase immunization in the pediatric asthma population, including recall and reminders, parent/patient education, and physician education. More recently, information technology methods have been employed, including electronic alerts and computerized physician order entry/clinical decision support interventions. Each of these interventions, as well as a recent legislative intervention, has evidence of effectiveness, but none achieved the Healthy People 2020 vaccination goals of 80 percent for this population. This goal may be achievable with a combination of these methodologies and strategies that increase access to care for underserved patients.
    The Yale journal of biology and medicine 12/2014; 87(4):439-446.