Characterization of two metal resistant Bacillus strains isolated from slag disposal site at Burnpur, India.
ABSTRACT Two strains of Bacillus sp. resistant to arsenate and lead designated as AsSP9 and PbSP6, respectively were isolated from the slag disposal site. They were identified to be related to Bacillus cereus cluster on the basis of 16S rDNA based sequence analysis and phenotypic characteristics. Both were rod-shaped (AsSP9, 2-5 microm and PbSP6, 2-4 microm), aerobic, salt tolerant (2-8% NaCI), endospore forming bacteria with minor differences like the AsSP9 showed sporangial bulging and PbSP6 had positive lipase activity. The temperature range for their growth was 20-40 degrees C and pH range 6.0-9.0 with an optimum temperature of 37 degrees C and pH of 7 for both strains. The principal nitrogen sources forAsSP9 and PbSP6 were DL-Tryptophan and L-Phenylalanine, respectively. The suitable carbon source forAsSP9 was lactose and for PbSP6 sucrose. The heavy metal accumulation efficiency was found to be 0.0047 mg g(-1) of dry mass forAsSP9 and 0.686 mg g(-1) of dry mass for PbSP6.
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ABSTRACT: Phytoremediation shows potential for remediating mine tailing sites contaminated with heavy metals. Our aim was to isolate, characterize, and assess the potential of endophytic bacteria to enhance growth and metal accumulation by the hyperaccumulator Alnus firma. A bacterial strain isolated from roots of Pinus sylvestris had the capacity to remove heavy metals from mine tailing and was identified as Bacillus thuringiensis GDB-1 based on 16S ribosomal DNA sequencing. GDB-1 exhibited plant growth-promoting traits, including 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) deaminase activity, indole acetic acid (IAA) and siderophore production, and P solubilization. The efficiency of GDB-1 to remove heavy metals was influenced by pH and initial metal concentration. Removal capacity (mg/l) was 77% for Pb (100), 64% for Zn (50), 34% for As (50), 9% for Cd (10), 8% for Cu (10), and 8% for Ni (10) during the active growth cycle in heavy metal-amended, mine tailing extract medium. Inoculating soil with GDB-1 significantly increased biomass, chlorophyll content, nodule number, and heavy metal (As, Cu, Pb, Ni, and Zn) accumulation in A. firma seedlings. Results indicate that inoculating the native plant A. firma with B. thuringiensis GDB-1 improves its efficiency for phytoremediation of soil containing mine tailings contaminated with heavy metals.Journal of hazardous materials 02/2013; 250-251C:477-483. · 4.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The present study demonstrates the metal toxicity ameliorating and growth promoting abilities of three different bacterial isolates when applied to rice as host plant. The three bacterial strains included a cadmium resistant Ochrobactrum sp., a lead resistant Bacillus sp. and an arsenic resistant Bacillus sp. designated as CdSP9, PbSP6, and AsSP9, respectively. When these isolates were used as inocula applied to metal-treated rice plants of variety Satabdi, the germination percentage, relative root elongation (RRE), amylase and protease activities were increased. The toxic effect of metal was reduced in presence of these bacteria. The overall biomass and root/shoot ratio were also enhanced by bacterial inoculation. Hydroponic studies showed that the superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) level, which had been increased in the presence of metal stress in rice roots, were lowered by the bacterial inoculation. In addition, all three strains were 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase and catalase positive, whereas siderophore producing ability was lacking in PbSP6. However, both PbSP6 and AsSP9 were protease positive and could hydrolyse starch. The data indicate that these bacteria have promise for bioremediation as well as for plant growth promotion.The Journal of Microbiology 02/2013; 51(1):11-7. · 1.28 Impact Factor