The Effect of Music-Based Listening Interventions on the Volume, Fat Content, and Caloric Content of Breast Milk-Produced by Mothers of Premature and Critically Ill Infants
ABSTRACT Maternal breast milk is considered the nutritional "gold standard" for all infants, especially premature infants. However, preterm mothers are at risk of not producing adequate milk. Multiple factors affect the production of milk, including stress, fatigue, and the separation of the breastfeeding dyad-for example, when mother or infant is hospitalized. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of listening and visual interventions on the quantity and quality of breast milk produced by mothers using a double electric breast pump.
Mothers of 162 preterm infants were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups.
The control group received standard nursing care, whereas mothers in the 3 experimental groups additionally listened to a recording of 1 of 3 music-based listening interventions while using the pump.
Mothers in the experimental groups produced significantly more milk (P < .0012). Mothers in these groups also produced milk with significantly higher fat content during the first 6 days of the study.
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ABSTRACT: This article provides the pediatric community with a practical overview of milk expression and an update on the recent literature. Approaches for working mothers, preterm infants, critically ill infants, and mothers before lactogenesis II are presented separately, as these groups may benefit from practices tailored to individual needs.Pediatric Clinics of North America 02/2013; 60(1):227-46. DOI:10.1016/j.pcl.2012.10.003 · 2.20 Impact Factor
- Alternative and Complementary Therapies 12/2013; 19(6):301-305. DOI:10.1089/act.2013.19604
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ABSTRACT: Background and aim: Breastfeeding is a God's gift that combines with maternal emotions and gets suitable with needs of the child and his/her age. Self-efficacy in breastfeeding is selfadjustable frame that can be promoted with training programs to increase the rate and duration of breastfeeding. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effect of relaxation training on breastfeeding self-efficacy of mothers with preterm infants. Methods: In this clinical trial study, 60 mothers with premature infants hospitalized randomly was assigned within two blocks of two months in both intervention and control groups. Mothers in the intervention group within 24-72 hours after childbirth individually and practically were included by the investigator for 30 to 45 minutes of progressive muscle relaxation training in Jacobson method. The Dennis Breastfeeding and demography information questionnaires were completed at baseline, the end of the fourth and eighth weeks by the mothers. Results: There was no significant difference in baseline characteristics of the two groups (P0.05). At the beginning of the study, t-test showed that the breastfeeding self-efficacy mean scores of the two groups did not significantly different (P=0.45). After the intervention in the fourth weeks, the average score of breastfeeding self-efficacy in the intervention group was (50.51± 6.79), and in the eighth weeks was (57.62± 6.22) compared to the control group (47.10± 8.85) and this difference was significant (P=0.001). The mean score of breastfeeding self-efficacy in the intervention group were significantly different at these times of study (P<0.001). Conclusion: Regarding the effect of relaxation training on breastfeeding self-efficacy of mothers with preterm infants, education and training of it as a low cost and effective way to improve the health of mothers of premature infants is recommended.