Molecular imaging for personalized cancer care.

Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, NY 10065, USA.
Molecular oncology (Impact Factor: 6.7). 03/2012; 6(2):182-95. DOI: 10.1016/j.molonc.2012.02.005
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Molecular imaging is rapidly gaining recognition as a tool with the capacity to improve every facet of cancer care. Molecular imaging in oncology can be defined as in vivo characterization and measurement of the key biomolecules and molecularly based events that are fundamental to the malignant state. This article outlines the basic principles of molecular imaging as applied in oncology with both established and emerging techniques. It provides examples of the advantages that current molecular imaging techniques offer for improving clinical cancer care as well as drug development. It also discusses the importance of molecular imaging for the emerging field of theranostics and offers a vision of how molecular imaging may one day be integrated with other diagnostic techniques to dramatically increase the efficiency and effectiveness of cancer care.

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