Coordination-Driven Self-Assembly of 2D-Metallamacrocycles Using a New Carbazole-Based Dipyridyl Donor: Synthesis, Characterization, and C-60 Binding Study

Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore-560 012, India.
Inorganic Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.76). 04/2012; 51(8):4817-23. DOI: 10.1021/ic300199j
Source: PubMed


A new carbazole-based 90° dipyridyl donor 3,6-di(4-pyridylethynyl)carbazole (L) containing carbazole-ethynyl functionality is synthesized in reasonable yield using the Sonagashira coupling reaction. Multinuclear NMR, electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), including single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis characterized this 90° building unit. The stoichiometry combination of L with several Pd(II)/Pt(II)-based 90° acceptors (1a-1d) yielded [2 + 2] self-assembled metallacycles (2a-2d) under mild conditions in quantitative yields [1a = cis-(dppf)Pd(OTf)(2); 1b = cis-(dppf)Pt(OTf)(2); 1c = cis-(tmen)Pd(NO(3))(2); 1d = 3,6-bis{trans-Pt(C≡C)(PEt(3))(2)(NO(3))}carbazole]. All these macrocycles were characterized by various spectroscopic techniques, and the molecular structure of 2a was unambiguously determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Incorporation of ethynyl functionality to the carbazole backbone causes the resulted macrocycles (2a-2d) to be π-electron rich and thereby exhibit strong emission characteristics. The macrocycle 2a has a large internal concave aromatic surface. The fluorescence quenching study suggests that 2a forms a ~1:1 complex with C(60) with a high association constant of K(sv) = 1.0 × 10(5) M(-1).

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