Novel product ions of 2-aminoanilide and benzimidazole Ag(I) complexes using electrospray ionization with multi-stage tandem mass spectrometry.
ABSTRACT The 2-aminoaniline scaffold is of significant value to the pharmaceutical industry and is embedded in a number of pharmacophores including 2-aminoanilides and benzimidazoles. A novel application of coordination ion spray mass spectrometry (CIS-MS) for interrogating the silver ion (Ag(+)) complexes of a homologous series of these compounds using multi-stage tandem mass spectrometry is described. Unlike the ubiquitous alkali metal ion complexes, Ag(+) complexes of 2-aminoanilides and benzimidazoles were found to yield [M - H](+) ions in significant abundance via gas-phase elimination of the metal hydride (AgH) resulting in unique product ion cascades.
Sample introduction was by liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry analysis performed on a hybrid linear ion trap/orbitrap instrument capable of high-resolution measurements.
Rigorous structural characterization by multi-stage tandem mass spectrometry using [M + H](+), [M - H](-) and [M - H](+) precursor ions derived from ESI and CIS experiments was performed for the homologous series of 2-aminoanilide and benzimidazole compounds. A full tabular comparison of structural information resulting from these product ion cascades was produced.
Multi-stage tandem mass spectrometry of [M - H](+) ions resulting from Ag(+) complexes of 2-aminoanilides and benzimidazoles in CIS-MS experiments produced unique product ion cascades that exhibited complementary structural information to that obtained from tandem mass spectrometry of [M + H](+) and [M - H](-) ions by electrospray ionization (ESI). These observations may be broadly applicable to other compounds that are observed to form Ag(+) complexes and eliminate AgH.
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ABSTRACT: Triply deprotonated DGAILDGAILD was reacted in the gas-phase with doubly charged copper, cobalt, and iron metal complexes containing either two or three phenanthroline ligands. Reaction products result from two major pathways. The first pathway involves the transfer of an electron from the negatively charged peptide to the transition-metal complex. The other major pathway consists of the displacement of the phenanthroline ligands by the peptide resulting in the incorporation of the transition-metal into the peptide to form [M - 3H + X(II)](-) ions, where X is Cu, Co, or Fe, respectively. The extent to which each pathway contributes is dependent on the nature of transition-metal complex. In general, bis-phen complexes result in more electron-transfer than the tris-phen complexes, while the tris-phen complexes result in more metal insertion. The metal in the complex plays a large role as well, with the Cu containing complexes giving rise to more electron transfer than the corresponding complexes of Co and Fe. The results show that a single reagent solution can be used to achieve two distinct sets of products (i.e., electron-transfer products and metal insertion products). These results constitute the demonstration of novel means for the gas-phase transformation of peptide anions from one ion type to another via ion/ion reactions using reagents formed via electrospray ionization.Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 06/2009; 20(9):1718-22. · 3.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The use of deuterium oxide as a mobile phase in the routine analysis of pharmaceutical compounds was investigated. The deuterium exchange of labile hydrogen atoms aids in structural confirmation and elucidation of unknown impurities and degradation products. Although deuterium oxide as a mobile phase does in some cases change the retention times, the changes in retention times do not interfere with the analysis. A study of the high-performance liquid chromatography system shows that equilibration times for the deuterium-containing mobile phases are similar to equilibration times with changes of other mobile phases. The use of this technique in the analysis of pharmaceutical compounds and other small molecules is presented.Analytical Chemistry 11/2000; 72(20):5070-8. · 5.70 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: For detection and differentiation of isomeric flavonoids, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry is used to generate silver complexes of the type (Ag + flavonoid)+. Collisionally activated dissociation (CAD) of the resulting 1:1 silver/flavonoid complexes allows isomer differentiation of flavonoids. Eighteen flavonoid diglycosides constituting seven isomeric series are distinguishable from each other based on the CAD patterns of their silver complexes. Characteristic dissociation pathways allow identification of the site of glycosylation, the type of disaccharide (rutinose versus neohesperidose), and the type of aglycon (flavonol versus flavone versus flavanone). This silver complexation method is more universal than previous metal complexation methods, as intense silver complexes are observed even for flavonoids that lack the typical metal chelation sites. To demonstrate the feasibility of using silver complexation and tandem mass spectrometry to characterize flavonoids in complex mixtures, flavonoids extracted from grapefruit juice are separated by high-performance liquid chromatography and analyzed via a postcolumn complexation ESI-MS/MS strategy. Diagnostic fragmentation pathways of the silver complexes of the individual eluting flavonoids allow successful identification of the six flavonoids in the extract.Analytical Chemistry 04/2005; 77(6):1761-70. · 5.70 Impact Factor