Spondyloperipheral dysplasia as the mosaic form of platyspondylic lethal skeletal dyplasia torrance type in mother and fetus with the same COL2A1 mutation.
ABSTRACT We describe a fetus with platyspondylic lethal skeletal dysplasia, Torrance type (PLSD-T), a rare skeletal dysplasia characterized by platyspondyly, extremely short limbs, and mild brachydactyly. Mutation analysis of COL2A1 identified a novel in-frame deletion c.4458_4460delCTT (p.Phe1486del) in the C-propeptide region of the molecule, confirming the clinical diagnosis. The phenotype in the mother was compatible with mild spondyloperipheral dysplasia (SPPD). Molecular studies documented somatic mosaicism for the same mutation in the mother. This observation further highlights the causal relationship between PLSD-T and SPPD and emphasizes the importance of evaluating parents when confronted with a skeletal dysplasia in a prenatal setting.
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Article: Spondyloperipheral dysplasia.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We present a patient with spondyloperipheral dysplasia, a rare skeletal dysplasia which is characterized by vertebral body abnormalities (platyspondyly, end-plate indentations) and brachydactyly. Our patient also manifested a characteristic "pugilistic" face, sensorineural deafness and mental retardation. This chondroosseous dysplasia appears to be inherited as an autosomal dominant disorder. It appears that there is considerable clinical variability in spondyloperipheral dysplasia.American Journal of Medical Genetics 12/1995; 59(2):139-42.
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ABSTRACT: With the application of molecular techniques the aetiopathogenesis of skeletal dysplasias is gradually elucidated. Recent advances show that some bone dysplasias result from defects in the biosynthesis of type II (cartilage) collagen. Clinical entities caused by mutations in the COL2A1 gene coding for type II collagen comprise achondrogenesis II, hypochondrogenesis, spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita, Kniest dysplasia, Stickler arthroophthalmopathy and mild dominant spondyloarthropathy. The mutations are expressed in the heterozygous state, and inheritance of type II collagenopathies is autosomal dominant. The wide range of clinical manifestations is not well understood but characterization of the basic defect may provide clues to establish specific genotype-phenotype correlations.European Journal of Pediatrics 03/1994; 153(2):56-65. · 1.91 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Twelve infants, initially considered to have thanatophoric dysplasia, were studied by a combined radiographic-histochemical-biochemical approach. Three distinct forms of platyspondylic lethal neonatal short-limbed dwarfism could be distinguished: (1) Thanatophoric type, (2) Torrance type, and (3) San Diego type. The latter two disorders had similar radiographic abnormalities that were clearly different from those of typical thanatophoric dysplasia. All three disorders had clearly different condroosseous histopathologic abnormalities. Preliminary biochemical studies have revealed different electrophorectic abnormalities in solubilized type II collagen chains of cartilage in each of these three disorders.Journal of Pediatrics 06/1979; 94(5):736-42. · 4.04 Impact Factor