Spondyloperipheral dysplasia as the mosaic form of platyspondylic lethal skeletal dyplasia torrance type in mother and fetus with the same COL2A1 mutation
ABSTRACT We describe a fetus with platyspondylic lethal skeletal dysplasia, Torrance type (PLSD-T), a rare skeletal dysplasia characterized by platyspondyly, extremely short limbs, and mild brachydactyly. Mutation analysis of COL2A1 identified a novel in-frame deletion c.4458_4460delCTT (p.Phe1486del) in the C-propeptide region of the molecule, confirming the clinical diagnosis. The phenotype in the mother was compatible with mild spondyloperipheral dysplasia (SPPD). Molecular studies documented somatic mosaicism for the same mutation in the mother. This observation further highlights the causal relationship between PLSD-T and SPPD and emphasizes the importance of evaluating parents when confronted with a skeletal dysplasia in a prenatal setting.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Spondyloperipheral dysplasia (SPD; OMIM 271700) is an autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder characterized by vertebral body abnormalities (platyspondyly, end-plate indentations), hip dysplasia and brachydactyly type E. Here, we identified a novel truncating mutation (p.Lys1444AsnfsX27) in the C-propeptide of type II collagen in an affected Chinese individual with SPD. Our findings will provide clues to the phenotype-genotype relations and may assist not only in the clinical diagnosis of SPD but also in the interpretation of genetic information used for prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling.Gene 03/2013; 522(1). DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2013.03.083 · 2.08 Impact Factor