Detection of differentially expressed segments in tiling array data.

Bioinformatics Group, Department of Computer Science and Interdisciplinary Center for Bioinformatics, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
Bioinformatics (Impact Factor: 5.47). 04/2012; 28(11):1471-9. DOI:10.1093/bioinformatics/bts142
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Tiling arrays have been a mainstay of unbiased genome-wide transcriptomics over the last decade. Currently available approaches to identify expressed or differentially expressed segments in tiling array data are limited in the recovery of the underlying gene structures and require several parameters that are intensity-related or partly dataset-specific.
We have developed TileShuffle, a statistical approach that identifies transcribed and differentially expressed segments as significant differences from the background distribution while considering sequence-specific affinity biases and cross-hybridization. It avoids dataset-specific parameters in order to provide better comparability of different tiling array datasets, based on different technologies or array designs. TileShuffle detects highly and differentially expressed segments in biological data with significantly lower false discovery rates under equal sensitivities than commonly used methods. Also, it is clearly superior in the recovery of exon-intron structures. It further provides window z-scores as a normalized and robust measure for visual inspection.
The R package including documentation and examples is freely available at

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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Existing statistical methods for tiling array transcriptome data either focus on transcript discovery in one biological or experimental condition or on the detection of differential expression between two conditions. Increasingly often, however, biologists are interested in time-course studies, studies with more than two conditions or even multiple-factor studies. As these studies are currently analyzed with the traditional microarray analysis techniques, they do not exploit the genome-wide nature of tiling array data to its full potential. RESULTS: We present an R Bioconductor package, waveTiling, which implements a wavelet-based model for analyzing transcriptome data and extends it towards more complex experimental designs. With waveTiling the user is able to discover (1) group-wise expressed regions, (2) differentially expressed regions between any two groups in single-factor studies and in (3) multifactorial designs. Moreover, for time-course experiments it is also possible to detect (4) linear time effects and (5) a circadian rhythm of transcripts. By considering the expression values of the individual tiling probes as a function of genomic position, effect regions can be detected regardless of existing annotation. Three case studies with different experimental set-ups illustrate the use and the flexibility of the model-based transcriptome analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The waveTiling package provides the user with a convenient tool for the analysis of tiling array trancriptome data for a multitude of experimental set-ups. Regardless of the study design, the probe-wise analysis allows for the detection of transcriptional effects in both exonic, intronic and intergenic regions, without prior consultation of existing annotation.
    BMC Bioinformatics 09/2012; 13(1):234. · 3.02 Impact Factor