Asian American adolescents' willingness to donate organs and engage in family discussion about organ donation and transplantation.

Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, 513 Parnassus Avenue, S-320, San Francisco, CA 94143-0104, USA.
Progress in transplantation (Aliso Viejo, Calif.) (Impact Factor: 0.69). 03/2012; 22(1):33-40, 70. DOI: 10.7182/pit2012328
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Despite the growing need for organ donation among Asian Americans, studies suggest that they are reluctant to donate.
To examine the association of attitudes and knowledge about organ donation and transplantation with willingness to donate and willingness to engage in family discussion about organ donation among Asian American adolescents.
A cross-sectional study.
The Big Island of Hawaii.
Self-identified Asian American adolescents (Japanese, Chinese, Filipino, Korean), ages 16 to 17 years old, and each adolescent's parent or guardian.
Asian American adolescents provided demographic information and completed the Modified Organ Donation Attitude Survey, the Organ Donation and Transplantation Knowledge Survey, and the Suinn-Lew Asian Self-Identity Acculturation Scale. A parent or guardian also provided demographic information. Linear regression analyses were used to examine the associations with willingness to donate and to engage in family discussion about organ discussion.
Willingness to donate was associated with positive knowledge related to general aspects about organ donation and cultural limitations in receiving an organ transplant, a high level of acculturation, and a low level of negative attitudes (R2 = 0.402, F = 18.86, P = .005). Asian American adolescents with approving or positive attitudes were likely to engage in family discussion about organ donation (R2 = 0.195, F = 27.93, P = .005). To reinforce and maintain high levels of knowledge and positive attitudes, organ donation education is most likely needed in high schools.

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