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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the antitumor potential of iminoflavones in in vitro and in vivo anticancer models. Preliminary screening in various cancer cell lines revealed four potential iminoflavones out of which IMF-8 was taken based on its activity against colon cancer cells. This was further confirmed by observing the nuclear changes in the cells by AO/EB and Hoechst 33342 staining studies. In vivo activity was assessed by dimethyl hydrazine-(DMH-) induced colon cancer model in rats. Animals were administered DMH (20 mg/kg, b.w. for 10 weeks and 30 mg/kg b.w., i.p. for 10 weeks) and were supplemented with (IMF-8) iminoflavone-8 (200 mg/kg, p.o. for 14 days). Results showed that DMH induced 100% aberrant crypt foci (ACF) and polyps which were significantly reduced in the IMF-8 treated group. IMF-8 significantly increased the catalase and GSH levels whereas it reduced the TNF-α and IL-6 levels markedly which suggests the antioxidative and anti-inflammatory actions of flavonoids present in IMF-8. The histopathological images of the IMF-8 treated colon showed no signs of mucosal crypt abscess. These findings suggest that the semi-synthetic iminoflavones, IMF-8, effectively inhibit DMH-induced ACFs and colonic crypts by alleviating the oxidative stress and suppressing the inflammation.
    BioMed Research International 06/2014; 2014(Article ID 569130):1-7. · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction are underpinned for initiating a cascade of toxic events leading to dopaminergic neuronal death in Parkinson's disease (PD) and identified as vital target for therapeutic intervention. Curcumin, a potent antioxidant has been reported to display diverse neuroprotective properties against various neurodegenerative diseases including PD. In this present study, we investigated the protective effect of CNB-001, a pyrazole derivative of curcumin on rotenone-induced toxicity and its possible mechanisms in neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells. Rotenone insult significantly reduced cell viability (MTT assay) and resulted in 78 % apoptosis (dual staining) by altering Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-3, and cytochrome C expression. Moreover, rotenone enhanced ROS production and disrupts mitochondrial membrane potential. These resultant phenotypes were distinctly alleviated by CNB-001. Pretreatment with CNB-001(2 μM) 2 h before rotenone exposure (100 nM) increased cell viability, decreased ROS formation, maintained normal physiological mitochondrial membrane potential, and reduced apoptosis. Furthermore, CNB-001 inhibited downstream apoptotic cascade by increasing the expression of vital antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2 and decreased the expression of Bax, caspase-3, and cytochrome C. Collectively, the results suggest that CNB-001 protects neuronal cell against toxicity through antioxidant and antiapoptotic properties through its action on mitochondria. Therefore, it may be concluded that CNB-001 can be further developed as a promising drug for treatment of PD.
    Journal of Molecular Neuroscience 07/2013; · 2.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: NAIP5/NLRC4 (neuronal apoptosis inhibitory protein 5/nucleotide oligomerization domain-like receptor family, caspase activation recruitment domain domain-containing 4) inflammasome activation by cytosolic flagellin results in caspase-1-mediated processing and secretion of IL-1β/IL-18 and pyroptosis, an inflammatory cell death pathway. Here, we found that although NLRC4, ASC, and caspase-1 are required for IL-1β secretion in response to cytosolic flagellin, cell death, nevertheless, occurs in the absence of these molecules. Cytosolic flagellin-induced inflammasome-independent cell death is accompanied by IL-1α secretion and is temporally correlated with the restriction of Salmonella Typhimurium infection. Despite displaying some apoptotic features, this peculiar form of cell death do not require caspase activation but is regulated by a lysosomal pathway, in which cathepsin B and cathepsin D play redundant roles. Moreover, cathepsin B contributes to NAIP5/NLRC4 inflammasome-induced pyroptosis and IL-1α and IL-1β production in response to cytosolic flagellin. Together, our data describe a pathway induced by cytosolic flagellin that induces a peculiar form of cell death and regulates inflammasome-mediated effector mechanisms of macrophages.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 08/2013; · 9.81 Impact Factor

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